Primary Cutaneous Zygomycosis in India

Kaushik, Robin
December 2012
Indian Journal of Surgery;Dec2012, Vol. 74 Issue 6, p468
Academic Journal
Cutaneous zygomycosis remains underdiagnosed despite being frequently encountered. Delay in the diagnosis contributes to delay in treatment, and a resultant high morbidity and mortality. A retrospective analysis of the reported cases of cutaneous zygomycosis from India was made using various search engines and cross-referencing from available manuscripts. A total of 42 publications from India on the topic were identified, since the first reported case of primary cutaneous zygomycosis by Veliath et al. (). There are 130 described cases of cutaneous zygomycosis with an overall mortality of 35 %. The commonest zygomycete identified was Apophysomyces elegans, and the commonest predisposing factor was breach of the skin. Surprisingly, diabetes was reported only in 36 cases (27.69 %). It is important to be aware of this unusual but fatal infection in order to manage it properly and have a good outcome.


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