Estimation of body composition in Indian population using skin-fold thickness and body-mass-index-based prediction equations: comparison and validation using under-water weighing machine

Sandhu, J. S.; Giniya, G.; Shenoy, S.
June 2010
International Journal of Body Composition Research;2010, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p51
Academic Journal
Objectives and methods: Numerous prediction equations using various anthropometric parameters are available for in- field assessment of body composition. Durnin and Womersley's four site skin-fold-thickness (ST)-based prediction equation is commonly used for the Indian population; whereas Deurenberg's bodymass- index (BMI)-based prediction equation is another easier method to estimate body composition. The study aimed to test the comparative validity of these two prediction equations in the Indian population using hydrostatic under-water weighing (UWW) as the criterion. %Body fat (%BF) of 58 males (22.43�2.47y) and 60 females (22.73�1.82y) was estimated by UWW, ST and BMI-based prediction equations. Results: ST and BMI predictions for % BF method correlated significantly (P <0.01). But, limits of agreement for both equations were beyond acceptable limits (males, -28.38% to -0.40% for Durnin and Womersley's; -15.95 % to 12.55% for Deurenberg's; (females, -17.67% to 10.73% for Durnin and Womersley's; -11.55% to 24.34% for Deurenberg's). Conclusions: None of the equations were found to be valid for Indian population. However, because of lower mean bias, ST-based equations for Indian females (mean bias-3.47�5.8%) and BMI-based equation for Indian males (-1.7�5.8%) can be considered the better out of the two.


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