The Effect of the Harm Reduction Approach in Iran's Prisons

Shams, Ali; Rabie, Nasser; Esmaili, Ali; Baratvand, Mahmood
October 2011
International Proceedings of Economics Development & Research;2011, Vol. 20, p191
Academic Journal
Rehabilitation in prison needs to a calm situation. As prisoners, mostly have psychological and social problems which disturb the process, an intervention, harm reduction, was designed to make an acceptable environment for behaviour correction. Sample consisted of all the prisons in Iran and the intervention continued for continued for 2 years. Indexes such as self-injury, drug abuse, drug smuggling to prison and others' bullying were assessed before and after administration of the treatment. The problems was decreased in the first post-test, 2007, however it was not significant. In fact some prisons showed increase in the indexes. The second post-test, 2008, showed a significant reduction in most of the prisons. These findings achieved in spite cumulative trend of prisoners' population in Iran. Results were discussed in terms of need to adding more components to the intervention with respect to special requirements of some prisons in the country.


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