A Comparative Analysis of Demographic Transition in the Central and Eastern European Countries

Jemna, Dănuţ-Vasile
May 2012
Journal of Eastern Europe Research in Business & Economics;2012, Vol. 2012, preceding p2
Academic Journal
The demographic transition is a process which involves the movement from high birth and death rates to low values and from high population growth rates to a relatively stable dynamic of population. If in the countries of Western Europe this pattern can be seen easily, the question is how the demographic transition phenomenon manifests in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Specialized studies advance the hypothesis of a common pattern of evolution for these countries and propose that their entry into a crisis phase of demographic transition, mainly due to socio-economic and political conditions after 1990. In this paper, we propose to analyze the determinants of demographic transition process from 10 countries of Central and Eastern European region and advance the hypothesis that the so-called crisis of demographic transition is first an extension of the demographic trends of the period before 1990. Continuing the same trend in the next 20 years betrays a lack of reaction of these countries with consistent and stable demographic policies like the Western countries' model.


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