Community perceptions of eye diseases among 14-40 year olds in Chiota, Zimbabwe

Chipendo, Geraldine Nyasha; January, James; Tapera, Roy; Dube, Blessing
October 2012
Educational Research (2141-5161);Oct2012, Vol. 3 Issue 10, p780
Academic Journal
It is estimated that 1% of the Zimbabwean population is blind with half of these cases being attributed to causes other than cataracts and that 80% of these causes are avoidable. A cross sectional survey was carried out in Chiota, Zimbabwe aiming to investigate the factors leading to an increase in the prevalence of eye diseases in the 14-40 years age group. A total of 53 males and 47 females took part in the study. The mean age was 28 years (SD 6.24). 85% of the participants earned a monthly income less than USD 100. 71% of the participants reported having a history of eye disease. There was an association between occupation and belief of being at risk of eye diseases (p=0.0008). Losing one's job (83.3%) and the belief that healthy eyes were the basis for survival (82.9%) were the major reasons why eye diseases were viewed as severe. A significant association between reporting to the hospital and sex was observed (p=0.003). Both males and females resorted to self treatment. There was an association between employment status and having had an eye disease (p=0.014) with farmers (69%) and artisans (14.1%) being the most affected. An association existed between workplace and having had an eye disease in the past four months (p=0.05). There is need for a multisectoral approach in the fight to curb eye diseases in Chiota communal lands guided by the three main components of the Ottawa charter of 1986.


Related Articles

  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Asthma in School Going Children in South India. Mathew, A. C.; Prince, T. G.; Remees, R.; Saravanapandian, N.; Ramalingam, S.; Srikanth, K.; Mathai, J. // Nepal Journal of Epidemiology;2012, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p171 

    Background In India, the prevalence of asthma has increased over the last two decades especially in children and young adults. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of asthma in school going children aged 5-10 and 11-15 years in the city of Coimbatore and determine the risk factors...

  • Increase in the prevalence of multiple sclerosis over a 17-year period in Osona, Catalonia, Spain. Otero-Romero, S; Roura, P; Solà, J; Altimiras, J; Sastre-Garriga, J; Nos, C; Vaqué, J; Montalban, X; Bufill, E // Multiple Sclerosis Journal;Feb2013, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p245 

    The prevalence of multiple sclerosis in the south of Europe seems to be higher than previously considered. This study aimed to probe a possible increase in the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Osona over the past 17 years. This was a cross-sectional study including MS-confirmed cases...

  • Psychological disorders among inhabint residing in poor social district of Gorgan, Iran. Ghaffari, E.; Shahi, A. S.; Davaji, R. B. Ozouni; Rostami, R. // Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences;Fall2011, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p87 

    Background and Objective: Normal psychological behaviour is one of the general concept of health. This study was carried out to evalute psychological disorders among inhabint residing in poor social district of Gorgan, Iran. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done on 376...

  • Male migration and risky sexual behavior in rural India: is the place of origin critical for HIV prevention programs? Saggurti, Niranjan; Mahapatra, Bidhubhusan; Swain, Suvakanta N.; Jain, Anrudh K. // BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 6, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 6, p1 

    Background: Recent studies of male migrants in India indicate that those who are infected with HIV are spreading the epidemic from high risk populations in high prevalence areas to populations in low prevalence areas. In this context, migrant men are believed to initiate and have risky sexual...

  • Prevalence of asthma and other allergic conditions in Colombia 2009-2010: a cross-sectional study.  // BMC Pulmonary Medicine;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p17 

    The article presents a cross-sectional study which examines the prevalence of asthma, atopic eczema (AE), and allergic rhinitis (AR), and atopy in six cities in Colombia. Findings reveal that the incidence of asthma, AR, and AE symptoms was 12%, 32%, and 14%, respectively. It concludes the...

  • METABOLIC SYNDROME IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. Motala, Ayesha A.; Mbanya, Jean-Claude; Ramaiya, Kaushik L. // Ethnicity & Disease;Spring2009, Vol. 19 Issue 2, pS28 

    The article presents a study that investigated the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in several rural and urban groups in Cameroon, a community in sub-Saharan Africa. A cross-sectional study on 1,553 participants with ages 24-79 was conducted. The study found out that the prevalence of metabolic...

  • Epidemiological features of gastro-esophageal reflux disease in Iran based on general population. Pourhoseingholi, Asma; Pourhoseingholi, Mohamad Amin; Moghimi-Dehkordi, Bijan; Barzegar, Farnoosh; Safaee, Azadeh; Vahedi, Mohsen; Al Dulaimi, David; Prabhakaran, Sudhakaran // Gastroenterology & Hepatology from Bed to Bench;Jan2012, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p54 

    Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of GERD base on population study in Tehran providence. Background: Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common and chronic problem. Recent reports from developing countries indicate increment in the incidence and prevalence of...

  • Malaria Situation in Isfahan in the Last Five Years. Soleimanifard, Simindokht; Akbari, Mojtaba; Sabetghadam, Morteza; Saberi, Sedigheh // Journal of Isfahan Medical School;5/23/2011, Vol. 29 Issue 132, p1 

    Background: Malaria is the most important parasitological disease which infected annually 300-500 millions people and caused more than one million people. Eradication process has began since 1950 and Isfahan province was under protection too. In 2003 WHO, put Isfahan in sixth rank after Sistan &...

  • Corneal Topography Patterns in the Tehran Eye Study: Warning About the High Prevalence of Patterns with A Skewed Radial Axis. Hashemi, Hassan; Beiranvand, Asghar; Khabazkhoob, Mehdi; Fotouhi, Akbar // Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology;Jan-Mar2014, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p72 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the distribution of corneal topography patterns in Tehran. Materials and Methods: In this population-based study, a total of 442 individuals were randomly selected by cluster sampling for complete ophthalmologic examination. A total of 404 (788...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics