El Concepto de Constitución y la Incomodidad Constitucional en Chile

Busch Venthur, Tania
October 2012
Global Jurist;Oct2012, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p0
Academic Journal
AbstractEl artículo analiza la doctrina crítica a la Constitución chilena de 1980 planteando que las objeciones a la carta han corrido por tres ejes fundamentales: origen autoritario e ilegítimo, consagración de un régimen poco democrático, y establecimiento de un sistema neoliberal con déficit de derechos económicos y sociales. Estas críticas han subsistido en el tiempo, no obstante las numerosas reformas. Desde su dictación a la fecha, el texto no logra conformar al constitucionalismo chileno, subsistiendo en nuestra experiencia constitucional una “incomodidad constitucional” de la que no logramos desembarazarnos. A través de los tres ejes señalados, se hace un estudio de la doctrina que, posterior a la reforma constitucional de 2005, sostiene la necesidad de un cambio constitucional, con el objeto de analizar qué concepto de concepto de constitución subyace a la discusión académica sobre la necesidad de una nueva carta fundamental, utilizando como elementos de análisis el concepto de constitución de Carl Schmitt y el concepto de constitución de Gustavo Zagrebelsky. La propuesta es que, en la medida en que se pueda saber qué le piden a la constitución sus críticos, se podrá entender qué se necesita para superar la incomodidad constitucional y si es siquiera posible dentro del contexto de la Constitución de 1980.


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