Comparación de los síntomas del climaterio entre mujeres de la Ciudad de México y mujeres de una comunidad maya del estado de Yucatán

Carranza-Lira, Sebastián; Quiroz González, Byanca Nerea; Alfaro Godínez, Hugo César; May Can, Ana María
October 2012
Ginecologia y Obstetricia de Mexico;Oct2012, Vol. 80 Issue 10, p644
Academic Journal
Objective: to compare the climacteric symptoms between women from Mexico City and those from a Mayan community of the state of Yucatan. Methods: In two groups of women, Group I) Spanish-speaking women from Mexico City and Group II) Maya speaking women from the state of Yucatan, 22 climacteric symptoms were evaluated using an analog visual scale (AVS) and the SUMEVA index. For statistical analysis t student test was used as well as Chi squared. Results: 105 women, 50 of Mexico City and 55 of Maxcanu, Yucatan were studied. When comparing the groups no difference was found in age (52.5 ± 6.5 vs 53.7 ± 6.2, for group I and II respectively), the body mass index was significantly smaller in group I (29.7 ± 5.0 vs 34.0 ± 6.0, p < 0.001). In group 1,15 of the 22 evaluated symptoms were significantly more intense in Group I, as well as the SUMEVA (Sum of Analog Visual Scale) index (71.4 ± 44.5 vs 45.8 ± 24.8, p < 0.001). The proportion of symptomatic women for each one of the symptoms was similar in both groups except for hair fall that was significantly greater in group I (74% vs 52%). Conclusion: climacteric symptoms were perceived with more intensity by Mexico City women, which allows suppose that western culture influence can be the responsible.


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