Development of Archival Science in Ukraine

FURAT, Mehmet Fahri
March 2011
Ekev Academic Review;bahar2011, Vol. 15 Issue 47, p45
Academic Journal
The basic stages in the history of Ukrainian archival studies will be examined in the article. Legal documents regulating the development of the modern archival business were used in writing the work. The work is also based on a wide range of researches by modern Ukrainian scientists. For many centuries, Ukraine did not have its own statehood, and its lands were part of the Great Lithuanian Princedom, Rech' Pospolita, and the Russian empire, so the Ukrainian archival business has been integrated into the archival system of the mentioned states. Special attention in the work is given to the history of the archival business from the mid XIX-th century, as it was at that time that the formation of archive studies as a science began in the territory of Ukraine. During the USSR epoch, the Ukrainian archival business was reconstructed according to the principle of centralization on which the modern archival system of Ukraine is based. However, the politicization of the archives' work was felt sharply in the days of Soviet power. After the declaration of Ukrainian independence in 1991, the scaled reforming of archival business began. The attention given to work has resulted in the modern Ukrainian archival system.


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