Hakikate Tanıklık Bağlamında Şehitlik Kavramı ve İslam Fıkhındaki Yeri

BİRSİN, Mehmet
January 2011
Ekev Academic Review;kis2011, Vol. 15 Issue 46, p101
Academic Journal
The subject matter of the present study is to explore the concept of Martyrdom with etymological point of view. For that purpose the concept of Martyrdom was studied in relation to the phenomenon of 'witnessing' with the content and limits of testimony. The present study also discussed the concept of martyrdom in relation to its meanings and the limits of the phenomena. In order to explore that, research evaluates the concept of Shahada in its general and narrow meanings, by relating the concept of Martyrdom to Allah's path (fî sebilillah), Holy Struggle (jihad) and the doctrine of enjoining right and discovering wrong (al-amr bi'l-maruf). In addition to that, the criteria that considered necessary by schools of islamic fiqh for implementing the provisions of the martyrs were examined. Status of those who died in wars between Muslims, were examined too, in terms of the concept of martyrdom. As a conclusion, the classification of islamic fıqh of martyrdom and the fundamentals of legal perspectives related to Martyrdom were reflected in this study.


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