Comparison of Five Erosion Control Techniques for Bladed Skid Trails in Virginia

Bolding, M. Chad; Wade, Charlie R.; Aust, Wallace M.; Lakel III, William A.
November 2012
Southern Journal of Applied Forestry;Nov2012, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p191
Academic Journal
Sediment is the leading nonpoint source pollutant from forest operations in the United States. Sediment in forested watersheds is produced primarily from highly disturbed areas, such as skid trails. Forestry best management practices (BMPs) have been developed to minimize erosion and water quality problems, but the efficacies of various BMP options are not well documented. This study evaluated five bladed skid trail closure BMPs for erosion control in the Piedmont of Virginia. The BMP closures evaluated were (1) water bar only; (2) water bar and grass seed (grass); (3) water bar, grass seed, and straw mulch (mulch); (4) water bar and piled hardwood slash (Ç-slash); and (5) water bar and piled pine slash (P-slash). The study was arranged as a randomized complete block design where six newly constructed trails provided six blocks. Five treatments were applied to five segments within each block. Erosion from the 30 treatment plots (experimental units) was captured in sediment traps and weighed monthly for 13 months, providing 78 erosion weights per treatment. Results indicate that water bar was the most erosive closure method (137.71 [metric tons] ha-1, year-1), followed by grass (31.51 ha-1 year-1), H-slash (8.91 ha-1 year-1), P-slash (5.9 t ha-1 year-1), and mulch (3.0 t ha-1 year-1). Overall, BMPs that provide soil coverage levels similar to either slash or mulch closure should provide good erosion control, and final selection should be based on costs, availability of material, or landowner objectives.


Related Articles

  • A COMPARISON OF EPM AND WEPP MODELS FOR ESTIMATING SOIL EROSION OF MARMEH WATERSHED IN THE SOUTH IRAN. AMINI, Hassan; HONARJOO, Naser; JALALIYAN, Ahmad; KHALILIZADEH, Mojtaba; BAHARLOUIE, Jila // Agriculture & Forestry / Poljoprivreda i Sumarstvo;2014, Vol. 60 Issue 4, p299 

    Soil erosion and sediment yield is one of the main challenges in Iran, and quantity estimation of them is an important issue. Two models (the empirical Erosion Potential Method (EPM) and the physical Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) were applied to predict soil loss and sediment yield for...

  • Assessing the capability of terrestrial laser scanning for monitoring slow moving landslides. Prokop, A.; Panholzer, H. // Natural Hazards & Earth System Sciences;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 6, p1921 

    Digital elevation models (DEM) are widely used to determine characteristics of mass movement processes such as accumulation and deposition of material, volume estimates or the orientation of discontinuities. To create such DEMs point cloud data is provided by terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) and...

  • Evaluation of hydrology, suspended sediment and Nickel loads in a small watershed in Basque Country (Northern Spain) using eco-hydrological SWAT model. Peraza-Castro, M.; Ruiz-Romera, E.; Montoya-Armenta, L. H.; Sánchez-Pérez, J. M.; Sauvage, S. // Annales de Limnologie;Jan2015, Vol. 51 Issue 1, p59 

    Suspended sediment transportation and associated pollutants from catchment to stream networks are responsible for aquatic habitat degradation, reservoir sedimentation and the transportation of sediment bound pollutants. Quantifying suspended sediment loads from lands to watercourses is essential...

  • Consider the cost of soil erosion. TRAVIS, MIKE // Wisconsin Agriculturist;Nov2015, Vol. 246 Issue 11, p18 

    The article focuses on the effect of soil erosion which include removal of the soil from fields, subsequent deposition, water pollution and wildlife habitat destruction.

  • Approche géomatique pour simuler l'érosion hydrique et le transport des sédiments à l'échelle des petits bassins versants. Duchemin, Marc; Lachance, Maruis; Morin, Guy; Lagacé, Robert // Water Quality Research Journal of Canada (Canadian Association o;2001, Vol. 36 Issue 3, p435 

    Soil erosion at various places of a watershed often comes with an excessive quantity of suspended sediments in the rivers. The indirect evaluation of erosion by the measurement of the suspended sediments transported at the watershed outlet makes it possible to have a good idea of the...

  • Environmental Issues.  // Spain Country Review;2011, p214 

    The article offers information on the environmental issues in Spain including the occurrences of soil erosion, coastal and marine pollution, and its rank as the 21st country in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) output.

  • An integrated approach to assess options for multi-functional use of rural areas: special issue “Regional Environmental Change”. Simoncini, Riccardo; Groot, Rudolf; Pinto Correia, Teresa // Regional Environmental Change;Sep2009, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p139 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue including one by Riccardo Simoncini on multifunctional approach in delivering environmental goods and services, one by Paolo Bazzofi on means of control soil erosion and water runoff, and one by Francesco Felici and Michael Lütz...

  • Environmental Issues.  // Iraq Country Review;2011, p306 

    The article offers an overview of several environmental issues in Iraq for 2011 including water pollution, soil erosion and desertification.

  • Environmental Issues.  // Paraguay Country Review;2012, p177 

    The article offers information on the environmental issues dealt in Paraguay including air pollution, soil erosion, and water pollution.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics