Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for large tumours: Single team experience

Dalvi, Abhay N.; Thapar, Pinky M.; Thapar, Vinaykumar B.; Rege, Sameer A.; Deshpande, Aparna A.
October 2012
Journal of Minimal Access Surgery;Oct-Dec2012, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p125
Academic Journal
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) has become the procedure of choice to treat benign functioning and non-functioning adrenal tumours. With improving experience, large adrenal tumours (> 5 cm) are being successfully tackled by laparoscopy. This study aims to present our single unit experience of LA performed for large adrenal masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six laparoscopic adrenalectomies performed for large adrenal lesions more than 5 cm during the period 2001 to 2010 were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 46 adrenalectomies were done in 42 patients. The mean tumour size was 7.03 cm (5-15 cm). Fourteen patients had tumour size more than 8 cm. The lesions were localised on the right side in 17 patients and on the left side in 21 patients with bilateral tumours in 4 patients. Functioning tumours were present in 32 of the 46 patients. The average blood loss was 112 ml (range 20-400 ml) with the mean operating time being 144 min (range 45 to 270 min). Five patients required conversion to open procedure. Three of the 46 patients (6.52%) on final histology had malignant tumours. CONCLUSION: LA is safe and feasible for large adrenal lesions. Mere size should not be considered as a contraindication to laparoscopic approach in large adrenal masses. Graded approach, good preoperative assessment, team work and adherence to anatomical and surgical principles are the key to success.


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