Street children of Mumbai: Demographic profile and substance abuse

Naik, Poonam R.; Gokhe, Seema S. Bansode; Shinde, Ratnendra R.; Nirgude, Abhay S.
October 2011
Biomedical Research (0970-938X);Oct-Dec2011, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p495
Academic Journal
Street children are predominantly an urban phenomenon. India has largest number of street children. Preventing drug abuse in street children is big challenge to public health experts. Demographic profile and substance abuse among the street children in two shelter homes of Mumbai have been studied. A cross-sectional study was undertaken during February 2003 to May 2004 by involving 217 street children from Anmol and Salaam Balak shelter homes by universal sampling method. Oral informed consent was taken from both the shelter home authorities. Data was collected by conducting face to face interview with street children by using pre-designed questionnaire and was compiled and tabulated and presented in percentages & proportions. Chi square test was used to study the factor associated with substance abuse. Majority i.e. 113 out off 217 subjects were boys and mostly belongs to Muslim religion (144). The mean age of substance abuse for males was 11.3 years old and 8.83 years old for females. Overall substance abuse was reported by 96(44.2%) subjects. Only 5 subjects reported substance abuse who were continuing school education as compared to school dropouts (52).This difference found to be significant by chi square test. Study reveals high prevalence and early initiation of substance abuse among street children. Continuing school education has beneficial role in prevention of substance abuse.


Related Articles

  • Native Americans with Disabilities: A Comparison of Male and Female Eastern Tribal Members. Chung-Fan Ni; Wilkins-Turner, Felicia; Liebert, Diane E.; Ellien, Valerie; Harrington, Corrine // Review of Disability Studies: An International Journal;2011, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p41 

    This study identified prevalence of disabilities, employment, and rehabilitation needs of four eastern tribal members. Chi-square tests were conducted to compare females to their male counterparts. Females were more likely to experience arthritis and orthopedic challenges; males to experience...

  • Effect of Life Skills Training on Drug Abuse Preventive Behaviors among University Students. Moshki, Mahdi; Hassanzade, Tahere; Taymoori, Parvaneh // International Journal of Preventive Medicine;May2014, Vol. 5 Issue 5, p577 

    Background: Drug abuse is now-a-days one of the gravest social harms. Recent years have experienced a drastic rise in drug abuse among school and university students. Thus, the need for special attention to the issue is deemed important. The present study was conducted with the aim of assessing...

  • At-risk and problem gambling among adolescents: a convenience sample of first-year junior high school students in Finland. Castrén, Sari; Grainger, Marjut; Lahti, Tuuli; Alho, Hannu; Salonen, Anne H. // Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention & Policy;2015, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Adolescent gambling and substance use are viewed as a public health concern internationally. The early onset age of gambling is a known risk factor for developing gambling problems later in life. The aims of this study are: to evaluate the internal consistency reliability, factorial...

  • Use of Marijuana and Changing Risk Perceptions. Merrill, Ray M. // American Journal of Health Behavior;May/Jun2015, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p308 

    To improve understanding of which adolescents were most likely to perceive marijuana as not harmful. Methods: Analyses were based on the SHARP survey, conducted in 3 large school districts in Utah in 2009, 2011, and 2013, among students in grades 6, 8, 10, and 12. Results: Across school...

  • Long-term outcome of in-patients with substance use disorders: A study from North India. Singh, Shubh M.; Mattoo, Surendra K.; Dutt, Alakananda; Chakrabarti, Kaustav; Nebhinani, Naresh; Kumar, Suresh; Basu, Debasish // Indian Journal of Psychiatry;2008, Vol. 50 Issue 4, p269 

    Background: Research into substance use disorders (SUD) has been unable to unequivocally demonstrate effectiveness of treatment modalities. Aims: The aim of the study was to study the long-term outcome after in-patient treatment in a cohort of patients admitted for SUD in a deaddiction unit of a...

  • Prevalence rate of substance use, its association with selected socio-demographic factors and its impacts on education: The case of Halaba secondary school students. Tsegaye, Gete // Indian Journal of Health & Wellbeing;2015, Vol. 6 Issue 8, p752 

    The present study aimed to find out the prevalence of substance use and its relationship with selected socio-demographic factors as well as its educational impacts. Halaba public secondary school was selected purposefully due to its strategic importance. Out of a total of 5,518 students 311...

  • Opinions and beliefs held by Spanish teenagers regarding tobacco and alcohol consumption: a descriptive study. Ruiz-Moral, Roger; Palenzuela-Paniagua, Sara; Magallón-Botaya, Rosa; Jiménez-García, Celia; García, Jose Angel Fernández; de Torres, Luis Angel Pérula // BMC Public Health;2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p922 

    Background Preventive strategies are the most effective approach for dealing with issues of substance abuse, particularly in teenagers. Such strategies adapt well to this target population. Our objective was to reveal the opinions and beliefs held by teenagers about tobacco and alcohol as types...

  • Social Influence in Impaired Driving: An Exploration in Alberta, Canada. Nurullah, Abu Sadat // International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences;2010, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p447 

    Social influence is the internal and external social-psychological pressure resulting in performance of certain behavior in different context. This study explored the social influence theory in explaining alcohol-impaired driving among a representative sample of adults in Alberta, Canada. Data...

  • Comorbidity and Pattern of Substance Use in Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients. Sepehrmanesh, Zahra; Ahmadvand, Afshin; Moraveji, Alireza // Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal;Aug2014, Vol. 16 Issue 8, p1 

    Background: Substance use in patients with psychiatric disorder is an every-day seen. Detection of this comorbidity can significantly affect the treatment of these disorders, as well as substance use. Objectives: This study has been conducted to determine the prevalence and pattern of substance...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics