TITLE

Street children of Mumbai: Demographic profile and substance abuse

AUTHOR(S)
Naik, Poonam R.; Gokhe, Seema S. Bansode; Shinde, Ratnendra R.; Nirgude, Abhay S.
PUB. DATE
October 2011
SOURCE
Biomedical Research (0970-938X);Oct-Dec2011, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p495
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Street children are predominantly an urban phenomenon. India has largest number of street children. Preventing drug abuse in street children is big challenge to public health experts. Demographic profile and substance abuse among the street children in two shelter homes of Mumbai have been studied. A cross-sectional study was undertaken during February 2003 to May 2004 by involving 217 street children from Anmol and Salaam Balak shelter homes by universal sampling method. Oral informed consent was taken from both the shelter home authorities. Data was collected by conducting face to face interview with street children by using pre-designed questionnaire and was compiled and tabulated and presented in percentages & proportions. Chi square test was used to study the factor associated with substance abuse. Majority i.e. 113 out off 217 subjects were boys and mostly belongs to Muslim religion (144). The mean age of substance abuse for males was 11.3 years old and 8.83 years old for females. Overall substance abuse was reported by 96(44.2%) subjects. Only 5 subjects reported substance abuse who were continuing school education as compared to school dropouts (52).This difference found to be significant by chi square test. Study reveals high prevalence and early initiation of substance abuse among street children. Continuing school education has beneficial role in prevention of substance abuse.
ACCESSION #
83630080

 

Related Articles

  • Native Americans with Disabilities: A Comparison of Male and Female Eastern Tribal Members. Chung-Fan Ni; Wilkins-Turner, Felicia; Liebert, Diane E.; Ellien, Valerie; Harrington, Corrine // Review of Disability Studies: An International Journal;2011, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p41 

    This study identified prevalence of disabilities, employment, and rehabilitation needs of four eastern tribal members. Chi-square tests were conducted to compare females to their male counterparts. Females were more likely to experience arthritis and orthopedic challenges; males to experience...

  • Long-term outcome of in-patients with substance use disorders: A study from North India. Singh, Shubh M.; Mattoo, Surendra K.; Dutt, Alakananda; Chakrabarti, Kaustav; Nebhinani, Naresh; Kumar, Suresh; Basu, Debasish // Indian Journal of Psychiatry;2008, Vol. 50 Issue 4, p269 

    Background: Research into substance use disorders (SUD) has been unable to unequivocally demonstrate effectiveness of treatment modalities. Aims: The aim of the study was to study the long-term outcome after in-patient treatment in a cohort of patients admitted for SUD in a deaddiction unit of a...

  • Effect of Life Skills Training on Drug Abuse Preventive Behaviors among University Students. Moshki, Mahdi; Hassanzade, Tahere; Taymoori, Parvaneh // International Journal of Preventive Medicine;May2014, Vol. 5 Issue 5, p577 

    Background: Drug abuse is now-a-days one of the gravest social harms. Recent years have experienced a drastic rise in drug abuse among school and university students. Thus, the need for special attention to the issue is deemed important. The present study was conducted with the aim of assessing...

  • Social Influence in Impaired Driving: An Exploration in Alberta, Canada. Nurullah, Abu Sadat // International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences;2010, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p447 

    Social influence is the internal and external social-psychological pressure resulting in performance of certain behavior in different context. This study explored the social influence theory in explaining alcohol-impaired driving among a representative sample of adults in Alberta, Canada. Data...

  • Chronic kidney disease in homeless persons in Mexico. Garcia-Garcia, Guillermo; Gutiérrez-Padilla, Alfonso J; Renoirte-Lopez, Karina; Mendoza-Garcia, Martha; Oseguera-Vizcaino, Ma C; Perez-Gomez, Hector R; Marquez-Amezcua, J Mario; Tonelli, Marcello // Kidney International Supplement;May2013, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p250 

    Little is known about the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among the homeless in Mexico. The role of substance abuse, alcoholism, and homelessness in CKD has not been properly evaluated. We screened 260 homeless individuals in the state of Jalisco, Mexico, for the presence of CKD and...

  • Comorbidity and Pattern of Substance Use in Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients. Sepehrmanesh, Zahra; Ahmadvand, Afshin; Moraveji, Alireza // Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal;Aug2014, Vol. 16 Issue 8, p1 

    Background: Substance use in patients with psychiatric disorder is an every-day seen. Detection of this comorbidity can significantly affect the treatment of these disorders, as well as substance use. Objectives: This study has been conducted to determine the prevalence and pattern of substance...

  • Use of alcohol and drugs among health professionals in Norway: a study using data from questionnaires and samples of oral fluid. Erøy Edvardsen, Hilde Marie; Karinen, Ritva; Synnøve Moan, Inger; Leere Øiestad, Elisabeth; Solberg Christophersen, Asbjørg; Gjerde, Hallvard // Journal of Occupational Medicine & Toxicology;2014, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p1 

    Working under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol may affect safety and job performance. However, the size of this possible problem among health professionals (HPs) is unknown. The aim of this study was threefold: (i) to analyze samples of oral fluid and self-reported data from questionnaires...

  • Drug Use and Sexual Risk Among Gay and Bisexual Men Who Frequent Party Venues. Theodore, Peter; Durán, Ron; Antoni, Michael // AIDS & Behavior;Nov2014, Vol. 18 Issue 11, p2178 

    Research connecting club drug use to risky sex among gay/bisexual men (GBM) contains methodological issues that have limited knowledge about the relative risks of distinct drugs. This paper reports drug use and sexual behavior data from 197 GBM who frequented at least one party venue within 3...

  • A clinical study on medication overuse headache in childhood and adolescence. Piazza, F; Chiappedi, M; Maffioletti, E; Galli, F; Spada, G; Nappi, G; Balottin, U // Journal of Headache & Pain;Feb2013 Supplement, Vol. 14, p1 

    An abstract of the article "A clinical study on medication overuse headache in childhood and adolescence" by F. Piazza, M. Chiappedi, E. Maffioletti, F. Galli, G. Spada, G. Nappi and U. Balottin is presented.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics