TITLE

VISUAL IMAGERY AND RUMINATION AS COGNITIVE REPRESENTATIONS IN MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER: A PRELIMINARY STUDY

AUTHOR(S)
Torkan, Hajar; Kalantari, Mehrdad; Neshatdoost, Hamid Taher; Maroufi, Mohsen; Talebi, Hooshang
PUB. DATE
July 2012
SOURCE
Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business;Jul2012, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p777
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Cognitive representations may be affected by mood status. The present study aimed to investigate vividness of imagery and tendency to using imagery (as visual representation) as correlates of the depressed mood and the rumination (as verbal representation) in patients with MDD. Participants were 41 outpatients with MDD and 56 normal people who completed a number of self-rated measures. Our findings showed depressed patients and normal individuals have significant differences in terms of rumination and vividness of visual imagery but not in terms of spontaneous use of imagery. There were statistically significant relationships amongst depressed mood and decreased mental health with increased rumination, between depressed mood and decreased vividness of visual imagery, and, between tendency to use imagery and vividness of visual imagery. Again, any significant correlation didn't find between depressed mood and tendency to use of imagery. The implications of these results for the management of depression in people with MDD are discussed.
ACCESSION #
83518272

 

Related Articles

  • Concreteness of Idiographic Periods of Worry and Depressive Rumination. Goldwin, Michelle; Behar, Evelyn // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Dec2012, Vol. 36 Issue 6, p840 

    Stöber (Behav Res Ther 36:751-756, ) asserts that worry is characterized by reduced concreteness of thought that interferes with successful emotional processing via reduction of imagery. Extant research has not examined concreteness of thought during a period of idiographic worry, nor has it...

  • Reviewing Psychological Treatments for Adult Depression. Hollon, Steven D.; Cuijpers, Pim // Canadian Journal of Psychiatry;Jul2013, Vol. 58 Issue 7, p373 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various articles within the issue on topics including review of randomized controlled trial (RCT) involving cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in the treatment of adult depression and chronic major depressive disorder.

  • Influence of Rumination and Distraction on the Therapeutic Process in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Depression. Teismann, Tobias; Michalak, Johannes; Willutzki, Ulrike; Schulte, Dietmar // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Feb2012, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p15 

    The response styles theory by Nolen-Hoeksema (J Abnorm Psychol 100:569-582, ) suggests that rumination in response to depressed mood exacerbates and prolongs depression, while distraction ameliorates it. In addition, research has shown that rumination is associated with several undesirable...

  • Cognitive Therapy of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder with Chronic Tic Disorder. Hebbar, Sudhir // Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine;Jan-Mar2013, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p93 

    The gold standard of therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder, exposure with response prevention, may not be suitable to obsessional sub-type. Live exposure is not possible and response prevention is difficult. These obsessions (sexual, religious or aggressive) are repugnant and resisted....

  • Two Codes Are Greater than One: Developing Students' Vocabularies with Images and Visualization. Falter Thomas, Angela; Lenox, Jamie // Illinois Reading Council Journal;Winter2014/2015, Vol. 43 Issue 1, p15 

    The article discusses the effective use of imagery and visualization in developing students' vocabularies. It explores the role of the dual coding theory, which assumes that cognition involves the activity of two different mental codes, in vocabulary instruction for reading and other content...

  • Effects of Etymology and Pictorial Support on the Retention and Recall of L2 Idioms. Vasiljevic, Zorana // Electronic Journal of Foreign Language Teaching;2015, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p35 

    Research in cognitive semantics suggests that imagery can have a powerful mnemonic effect and that the dual coding of input (i.e. verbal representations and mental images) strengthens memory traces and facilitates information retrieval. The present study compared the effectiveness of two...

  • An electrophysiological study of task demands on concreteness effects: evidence for dual coding theory. Welcome, Suzanne; Paivio, Allan; McRae, Ken; Joanisse, Marc // Experimental Brain Research;Jul2011, Vol. 212 Issue 3, p347 

    We examined ERP responses during the generation of word associates or mental images in response to concrete and abstract concepts. Of interest were the predictions of dual coding theory (DCT), which proposes that processing lexical concepts depends on functionally independent but interconnected...

  • Rumination and Worry in Nonclinical Adolescents. Muris, Peter; Roelofs, Jeffrey; Meesters, Cor; Boomsma, Petra // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Aug2004, Vol. 28 Issue 4, p539 

    Worry and rumination both refer to unproductive, repetitive thought processes. Few studies have addressed the relationship between these two constructs, with most researchers exclusively relating rumination to depression and worry to anxiety. The present study examined relationships between...

  • Distinct and Overlapping Features of Rumination and Worry: The Relationship of Cognitive Production to Negative Affective States. Fresco, David M.; Frankel, Ann N.; Mennin, Douglas S.; Turk, Cynthia L.; Heimberg, Richard G. // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Apr2002, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p179 

    Worry and rumination are cognitive processes, often represented as verbal or linguistic activities. Despite similarities in definition and description, worry has been most closely examined in relation to anxiety whereas rumination has traditionally been related to depression. This distinction...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics