Frontiers of Big Bang cosmology and primordial nucleosynthesis

Mathews, Grant J.; Cheoun, Myung-Ki; Kajino, Toshitaka; Kusakabe, Motohiko; Yamazaki, Dai G.
November 2012
AIP Conference Proceedings;Nov2012, Vol. 1484 Issue 1, p339
Academic Journal
We summarize some current research on the formation and evolution of the universe and overview some of the key questions surrounding the the big bang. There are really only two observational cosmological probes of the physics of the early universe. Of those two, the only probe during the relevant radiation dominated epoch is the yield of light elements during the epoch of big bang nucleosynthesis. The synthesis of light elements occurs in the temperature regime from 108 to 1010 K and times of about 1 to 104 sec into the big bang. The other probe is the spectrum of temperature fluctuations in the CMB which (among other things) contains information of the first quantum fluctuations in the universe, along with details of the distribution and evolution of dark matter, baryonic matter and photons up to the surface of photon last scattering. Here, we emphasize the role of these probes in answering some key questions of the big bang and early universe cosmology.


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