High-resolution and site-specific scanning spreading resistance microscopy and its applications to silicon devices

Zhang, L.; Koike, M.; Takeno, S.; Hara, K.
November 2012
AIP Conference Proceedings;Nov2012, Vol. 1496 Issue 1, p147
Conference Proceeding
Due to the continuous reduction of the critical dimensions of semiconductor devices, it becomes very important to know the two dimensional (2D) doping profile for improving device performance. Scanning spreading resistance microscopy (SSRM) performed in high vacuum is a powerful technique for quantitative 2D-doping profiling, with high spatial resolution and wide dynamic range of carrier concentration, as well as capability of site-specific analysis for accurate position. In this paper, we review SSRM applications to source/drain engineering in Si devices and their correlation with device characteristics by demonstrating several case studies. Direct observation of (110)/(100) CMOSFETs clarified significant differences between both pFETs and nFETs on (110) and (100) silicon substrates, revealing 2D channeling effect of boron ion implantation in pFETs; as well as silicidation impact on junction leakage-current characteristics in nFETs. Furthermore, our sample-preparation breakthrough enables site-specific SSRM characterization within 60 nm ultra thin samples and therefore failure analysis of real SRAM devices, demonstrating the high potential of SSRM technology for further device scaling and for failure analysis.


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