Factores que influyen en el consumo de ácido fólico preconcepcional en el País Vasco

Blas-Robledo, Mónica; Hernández-Gil, Esther; García-Abril-Martínez, Marina; Montero-Matía, Rubén; Olivares-González, Cristina; Valtierra-Pérez, Alicia
March 2011
Matronas Profesion;2011, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p33
From different organizations and national and international agencies, supplementation with folic acid during the preconception period is recommended, in order to prevent neural tube defects in the fetus. Objective: To identify the main factors that determines the proper consumption of folic acid during the pregestational stage among pregnant women who manage their pregnancies in the Basque Health Service. Subjects and methods: A multicenter cross-sectional descriptive correlational study with pregnant women attending Primary Care midwife clinics during the 1st trimester. In 2009, we studied these women through the questionnaire created by the research team that included socio-demographic data and data related to the intake of folic acid before pregnancy. 371 pregnant women in the 3 Basque provinces were part of the sample. Results: The selected sample consists of 84.1% of Spanish women with a mean age of 32.10 years. 50.4% were nulliparous and 86.8% work outside the home. From the total sample, 48% had taken folic acid before pregnancy. Among women who did not take folic acid pregestational, the 52.33% had no knowledge of the nutritional recommendation before preganancy. Conclusions: Preconception folic acid supplementation remains as an important issue for healthcare providers. Awareness campaigns and information for health professionals and the general population are necessary.


Related Articles

  • Predictors of preconceptional folic acid or multivitamin supplement use: a cross-sectional study of Danish pregnancy planners. Cueto, Heidi T.; Riis, Anders H.; Hatch, Elizabeth E.; Wise, Lauren A.; Rothman, Kenneth J.; Mikkelsen, Ellen M. // Clinical Epidemiology;2012 Part 2, Vol. 4, p259 

    Purpose: Compliance with the Danish preconceptional folic acid (FA) recommendation - a daily supplement of 400 μg - is reported to be poor. Uncertainty remains, however, about the prevalence of compliers and health-related predictors of compliance in the preconceptional period. Methods: We...

  • Nutrition and Pregnancy: Folate and Folic Acid. Tennant, Gisèle A. // International Journal of Childbirth Education;Jul2014, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p25 

    Neural tube defects affect nearly 3000 pregnancies in the United States each year. Folic acid has been proven to prevent neural tube defects such as anencephaly and spina bifida in the newborn. However, most American women of reproductive age do not consume the recommended amount of folic acid....

  • Correct timing of folic acid supplementation during pregnancy. Derbyshire, Emma // British Journal of Midwifery;Nov2012, Vol. 20 Issue 11, p774 

    It is generally acknowledged that folic acid should be taken in pregnancy to prevent birth defects such as neural tube defects (NTDs). However, most women take folic acid as a supplement in the later stages of pregnancy, once they have received guidance from health practitioners. Unfortunately,...

  • Estudio sobre el inicio de la suplementación con ácido fólico en gestantes. Uceira-Rey, Sonia; Cabezas, Àngels Paulí; Ortega, César León; Ferreiro, M. Carmen Grandío; Rico, Pau Aracil; López, Vanesa Bueno; Núñez, Francisca Rueda; Casado, M. Teresa Sánchez; Pérez, Isabel Castrillo // Matronas Profesion;2010, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p5 

    Objective: To determine when folic acid supplementation is started in pregnant women and in women who attend a preconception visit. Subjects and method: A descriptive and transversal study of pregnant women who attend their first visit with a midwife to monitor their pregnancies. Results: During...

  • Preconception Folate and B6 Status Impact Abortion Risk.  // Fertility Weekly;8/26/2002, p6 

    Vitamin B6 and folate deficiencies were associated with an increased risk of clinical spontaneous abortion, according to this study researchers. Between 12% and 15% of clinically recognized pregnancies end in spontaneous abortion, making it one of the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes....

  • Folic acid and public health. Anderson, Andrea // British Journal of Midwifery;Jun2002, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p380 

    Focuses on the role of health education in the promotion of the use of folic acid (FA) to women of childbearing age in Great Britain. Reduction in the incidence of neural tube defects through FA; Aspects of preconception care; Compliance of patients with preventive medical procedures.

  • Preconception care just as important as prenatal.  // New York Amsterdam News;3/22/2007, Vol. 98 Issue 13, p26 

    The article offers 10 recommendations from the Medical Society of the State of New York (MSSNY) to achieve improved reproductive health outcomes in New York. Women must consider a lifespan approach to focus their attention on reproductive health to reduce unintended pregnancies and age-related...

  • Preconception care in diabetes. Hawthorne, Gillian // Practice Nursing;Aug2009, Vol. 20 Issue 8, p402 

    The article discusses the significance of a proper glycaemic control in reducing the risk of congenital malformation. It states that the risk of poor pregnancy outcome is the same for women with type 2 diabetes. A study conducted by the Confidential Enquiry into Maternal and Child Health...

  • Providers' Perceptions of Challenges in Obstetrical Care for Somali Women. Lazar, Jalana N.; Johnson-Agbakwu, Crista E.; Davis, Olga I.; Shipp, Michele P.-L. // Obstetrics & Gynecology International;2013, p1 

    Background. This pilot study explored health care providers' perceptions of barriers to providing health care services to Somali refugee women. The specific aim was to obtain information about providers' experiences, training, practices and attitudes surrounding the prenatal care, delivery, and...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics