Fiabilidad y validez de la versión española de una escala de autoeficacia en la lactancia materna

Llopis-Rabout-Coudray, Mónica; López-Osuna, Cristina; Durá-Rayo, Mara; Richart-Martínez, Miguel; Oliver-Roig, Antonio
March 2011
Matronas Profesion;2011, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p3
Aim: To translate the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (BSES-SF) into Spanish and assess its psychometric properties. Subjects and method: Instrumental study took place in two hospitals in the Spanish region of Alicante. Following translation and back-translation procedures, an accidental sample of 150 mothers breastfeeding (BF) their babies, completed, at 48 hours after delivery and still hospitalized, the Spanish version of the BSES-SF and a questionnaire with socio demographic, obstetric and BF variables. At 6 weeks postpartum data on the status of BF were obtained again, through a telephone survey. Results: The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was of 0.79. Women with previous experience and with very positive prior experience in BF, with higher scores on the global item of self-efficacy and with previous children had higher scores on the Spanish version of the BSES-SF. Two of the items (9 and 10) of the Spanish version show item-corrected test correlations <0.30 and saturated below 0.30 in the analysis of principal components when one factor was forced. The scores at discharge were not related to the status of BF at 6 weeks postpartum. Conclusions: The instrumental study shows acceptable evidences of reliability and validity, although two of the items should be reviewed.


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