Mayor frecuencia de aberraciones cromosómicas en linfocitos expuestos o no a mitomicina C, de mujeres posmenopáusicas obesas en comparación con mujeres no obesas del departamento del Cauca, Colombia

Tafurt-Cardona, Yaliana; Jaramillo-Ruiz, Leidy D.; Muñoz-Ordóñez, Wilson; Muñoz-Benítez, Sulma L.; Sierra-Torres, Carlos H.
September 2012
Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud;Sep2012, Vol. 32 Issue 3, p344
Academic Journal
Introduction. Epidemiological studies indicate that obesity is associated with an increased risk of 20- 25% with several types of cancer. Objective. The frequency of chromosome aberrations was evaluated in lymphocytes from postmenopausal obese and non-obese women. Materials and methods. Twenty obese and 20 non-obese women, all post-menopause, were recruited. The groups were matched according to age (± 5 years) and place of origin. After signing the consent form, women were interviewed using a structured questionnaire, and a blood sample (5 ml) was drawn into vacutainer tubes. From each sample, lymphocyte cell cultures were established with and without mitomycin C (challenge assay). Afterwards, the frequency of chromosome aberrations were recorded for each group and treatment. Data were analyzed using the statistical program SPSS, v. 14.0. Results. Obese women had a higher frequency of chromosome aberrations when compared with nonobese women. After exposing the cell cultures to mitomycin C, obese women presented an increase in the number of total chromosome aberrations in comparison to non-obese women (3.7± 0.6 vs. 2.70±0.6; p=0.001). Conclusions. The higher frequency of chromosome aberrations in lymphocytes from postmenopausal obese women compared to non-obese women suggested differences in the DNA repair capacity. This may indicate an association between genomic instability and the higher incidence of cancer in this population.


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