Arbitrary amplitude ion-acoustic solitary waves in superthermal electron-positron-ion magnetoplasma

El-Tantawy, S.; El-Bedwehy, N.; Khan, S.; Ali, S.; Moslem, W.
December 2012
Astrophysics & Space Science;Dec2012, Vol. 342 Issue 2, p425
Academic Journal
Arbitrary amplitude ion-acoustic solitary waves propagating in a magnetized plasma composed of positive ions, superthermal electrons and positrons are investigated. For this purpose, the ions are represented by the hydrodynamical fluid equations while the non-Maxwellian electrons and positrons densities are assumed to follow kappa ( κ) distribution. The basic equations are reduced to a pseudoenergy-balance equation. Existence conditions for large amplitude solitary waves are presented. The analytical and numerical analysis of the latter show that the ion-acoustic solitary wave can propagate only in the subsonic region in our plasma system and it is significantly influenced by the plasma parameters. The present analysis could be helpful for understanding the nonlinear ion-acoustic solitary waves propagating in interstellar medium and pulsar wind, which contain an excess of superthermal particles.


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