TITLE

Short (5 and 7 mm long) porous implants in the posterior atrophic maxilla: a 5-year report of a prospective single-cohort study

AUTHOR(S)
Perelli, Michele; Abundo, Roberto; Corrente, Giuseppe; Saccone, Carlo
PUB. DATE
September 2012
SOURCE
European Journal of Oral Implantology;Autumn2012, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p265
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: The aim of this ongoing prospective study was to determine the 5-year survival rate of short porous dental implants in the posterior atrophic maxilla combined, when necessary, with crestal sinus floor elevation and often adding an organic bovine bone.Materials and methods: In 87 partially edentulous patients, 110 short porous implants were placed and followed up for 5 years. The implants used were of two lengths (5 and 7 mm) and two diameters(4.1 and 5 mm) and were chosen according to the available crestal height and width. In 47 sites,osteotome sinus floor elevation was performed (in 8 cases compacting basal bone, in 39 adding a xenograft). The unloaded healing period was 6 months. A total of 63 implants were restored with single crowns and 47 were splinted to the adjacent implants. Outcome measures were prosthesis and implant failures, any complications, and peri-implant marginal bone resorption.Results: Five years after loading, no patients dropped out. Eleven implants failed: 2 implants at uncovering and 9 after prosthetic loading. Eleven patients (12.6%) lost 1 implant. In 6 patients(6.9%) a prosthesis failure occurred (implants loaded with single crowns). One surgical complication(membrane perforation) occurred but the implant was normally inserted. No complicationsoccurred during the healing period. In 3 patients, severe peri-implantitis occurred post loading and the implants had to be removed. Two abutments became loose and one crown chipped. At the end of the follow-up period the implant survival rate was 90%, and 93.1% with regard to prostheticreconstruction. The mean peri-implant marginal bone loss was 1.4 mm.Conclusions: The use of short porous implants showed an acceptable clinical outcome in the treatment of the posterior maxilla in this interim 5-year report. Longer follow-ups are needed to confirm these results.Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare no conflict of interest. All of the materials and implants were purchased and paid for by the dental clinic.
ACCESSION #
82725081

 

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