Exposure to Environmental and Mainstream Tobacco Smoke and Risk of Spontaneous Abortion

Windham, Gayle C.; Von Behren, Julie; Waller, Kirsten; Fenster, Laura
January 1999
American Journal of Epidemiology;1999, Vol. 149 Issue 3, p243
Academic Journal
The authors examined the risk of spontaneous abortion from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in a prospective study of over 5,000 women conducted in California during 1990–1991. Among nonsmokers, there was little association by hours of ETS exposure at home or work (adjusted odds ratio (OR) for any exposure = 1.01, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.80–1.27), or by paternal smoking. However, the risks associated with ETS exposure were increased among nonsmokers who had moderate alcohol or heavy caffeine consumption. A moderate association with maternal smoking was observed (adjusted OR for ≥5 cigarettes per day = 1.3, 95% CI 0.91–1.9). Am J Epidemiol 1999;149:243–7.


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