Tracing Emerging Meanings by Computer: Semiotic Framework

Zatsman, Igor
June 2012
Proceedings of the European Conference on Knowledge Management;2012, Vol. 2, p1302
Conference Proceeding
The paper presents a semiotic approach to the study of knowledge creation processes. These processes are aimed at generating expert knowledge bases in different subject areas. Now we are studying this generating in scientometric and linguistic investigations. Our prime application aim is to create an expert knowledge base about new developed indicators for monitoring and evaluating implementation of R&D programs. Our approach consists of the six-part semiotic framework and two semiotic models for a description of development stages of indicators: the frozen-state model for a description of a state of the process of indicator development and the time-dependent model for a description of a dynamics of the process of indicator development. These models are based on the Frege's triangle, which consists of concept, name and denotatum vertices. For each state of new developed indicator these three vertices of the triangle are the sign-meaning (the indicator concept), the sign-form (the indicator name), and the denotatum of the sign (both an indicator computing program and source data). For the description of stages of these processes, a new notion of "Frege's space" is introduced. We use the Frege's space for a quantitative description of the subsequent iterations of indicator development. The purpose of the Frege's space is to represent how developed indicators change, using sequences of semantic, information and object codes, generated by computer. The Frege's space has three axes of reference: semantic, information, and object computer code axes, as well as the fourth one - the time axis. A related example is an application of two semiotic models to knowledge acquisition for an expert knowledge base named the proactive dictionary, which is a component of an evaluation system. This dictionary enables experts to fix stages of indicators development, to present the results of developing different variants of indicators in graphic form, to compare and evaluate these variants.


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