Prevalencia de anemias en mujeres embarazadas del Hospital General Yanga, Córdoba, Veracruz, México

González-Garrido, José Arnold; Garrido-Llanos, Silvia; Ceballos-Reyes, Guillermo Manuel; García-Sánchez, José Rubén
January 2012
Revista Biomedica;ene-abr2012, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
Introduction. Anemia is one of the most common nutritional disorders in the world. Anemia levels in pregnant women can reach as high as 42% in some areas according to the World Health Organization. Objective. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and morphologic types of anemia in pregnant women in their first prenatal visit in Yanga General Hospital in Cordoba, Veracruz. Materials and Methods. The study was performed over a ten month period at Hematology Department of Yanga General Hospital in Cordoba. A total of 1271 pregnant women were included in the study. The presence and types of anemia were determined from red blood cell results and erythrocyte indices using a CELL DYN 1400 system (Abbott Laboratories), and further compared with peripheral blood results. Results. Anemia was present in 47.7% of the pregnant women of ages 14-48, averaging 24 years of age. The main morphological types of anemias were hypochromic microcytic (48.8% prevalency), normocromic normocytic (38.4%), normocromic microcytic (12%) and hypochromic normocytic at 0.6% pervalency. Conclusions. Anemia was found to be a public health problem in the Yanga General Hospital, Cordoba, Veracruz. Hypocromic microcytic anemia was the most common form found in young pregnant women. These results suggest the need of to implement actions to decrease this pathology and its complications.


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