Effect of pyrolysis temperature on cobalt phthalocyanine supported on carbon nanotubes for oxygen reduction reaction

Ramavathu, Lakshmana; Maniam, Kranthi; Gopalram, Keerthiga; Chetty, Raghuram
November 2012
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry;Nov2012, Vol. 42 Issue 11, p945
Academic Journal
Cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPc)-impregnated functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were used as nonprecious electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). The electrocatalysts were thermally treated at temperatures ranging from 450 to 850 °C, and the effect of pyrolysis temperature and their relationship to the electrocatalytic activity for ORR were investigated. Thermo gravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy were used to study the thermal stability, crystal structure, and morphology of these catalysts. Cyclic voltammetry and rotating disk electrode results showed that CoPc/CNTs pyrolyzed at a temperature of 550 °C had the highest electrocatalytic activity for ORR, and the catalytic activity decreased with further increase in pyrolysis temperature. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed decrease in functional groups at a temperature higher than 550 °C, correlating with the decreased catalytic activity. The result suggests that oxygen functional groups introduced by acid oxidation for anchoring the CoPc on CNT plays a major role in determining the electrocatalytic activity.


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