TITLE

Can Rewards Obviate Stereotype Threat Effects on Mental Rotation Tasks?

AUTHOR(S)
Kanoy, Amanda; Brownlow, Sheila; Sowers, Tiffany F.
PUB. DATE
July 2012
SOURCE
Psychology (2152-7180);Jul2012, Vol. 3 Issue 7, p542
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We examined whether sex-linked performance differences in Mental Rotation (MR) were obviated by rewards for performing the tasks. MR is typically seen as the domain of men, and therefore women completing the MR tasks likely worked under conditions of stereotype threat, which meant that their performance could vary according to situational variables. Men and women (n = 33 each) performed rotations and provided several self-reflective reports on their performances and background information about their experiences. Half of the participants (within sex) were rewarded for their participation with a gift card. Women's MR performance was lower than men's when no reward was given, but equaled it when they were rewarded. The finding was not a function of skill and self-reported effort, and emerged even when a stringent scoring technique was employed. The results suggest that rewards, even if they are not large, may nullify stereotype threat effects on women's MR.
ACCESSION #
82053420

 

Related Articles

  • Factors Influencing Mental-Rotation with Action-based Gender-Stereotyped Objects-The Role of Fine Motor Skills. Jansen, Petra; Quaiser-Pohl, Claudia; Neuburger, Sarah; Ruthsatz, Vera // Current Psychology;Jun2015, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p466 

    The present study investigated the influence of manual dexterity and gender on mental-rotation performance with action-based stereotyped items. Twenty five girls and 25 boys of fourth grade solved a chronometric mental-rotation test with action-based gender stereotyped items. Furthermore, manual...

  • Cars or dolls? Influence of the stereotyped nature of the items on children's mental-rotation performance. Ruthsatz, V.; Neuburger, S.; Jansen, P.; Quaiser-Pohl, C. // Learning & Individual Differences;Oct2015, Vol. 43, p75 

    This study inquired the influence of stimulus features on children's mental-rotation performance with novel gender-stereotyped test versions (M-MRT and F-MRT) administered to 290 elementary-school children (147 second graders and 143 fourth graders; age: M = 8.87, SD = 1.09). No significant...

  • Quantitative and qualitative change in children's mental rotation performance Geiser, Christian; Lehmann, Wolfgang; Corth, Martin; Eid, Michael // Learning & Individual Differences;Sep2008, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p419 

    Abstract: This study investigated quantitative and qualitative changes in mental rotation performance and solution strategies with a focus on sex differences. German children (N =519) completed the Mental Rotations Test (MRT) in the 5th and 6th grades (interval: one year; age range at time 1:...

  • Improvement of Mental Rotation in Girls and Boys. Sanz de Acedo Lizarraga, M. L.; Ganuza, J. M. Garcia // Sex Roles;Sep2003, Vol. 49 Issue 5-6, p277 

    Presents a study that examined the effect of an intervention program on the performance of a mental-rotation task and the transfer of learning to a visualization test. Analysis of gender differences in spatial abilities; Methodology; Results of the study.

  • Gender differences in mental rotation in Oman and Germany. Jansen, Petra; Zayed, Kashef; Osmann, Ronja // Learning & Individual Differences;Oct2016, Vol. 51, p284 

    Gender differences in mental rotation often show that males are superior at this task. This study explored gender differences in two nations, which have disparities in their gender equality. While Germany represents a western liberal culture, Oman represents a conservative eastern culture....

  • Implicit gender–math stereotype and women's susceptibility to stereotype threat and stereotype lift. Franceschini, Giulia; Galli, Silvia; Chiesi, Francesca; Primi, Caterina // Learning & Individual Differences;May2014, Vol. 32, p273 

    Abstract: This study explored the effects of implicit gender–math stereotyping on women's math self-efficacy and mathematics performance under stereotype threat and stereotype lift conditions. It was conducted with a sample of female undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory...

  • Gender-Based Navigation Stereotype Improves Men's Search for a Hidden Goal. Rosenthal, Harriet; Norman, Liam; Smith, Shamus; McGregor, Anthony // Sex Roles;Dec2012, Vol. 67 Issue 11-12, p682 

    While a general stereotype exists that men are better at navigating than women, experimental evidence indicates that men and women differ in their use of spatial strategies, and this preference determines gender-differences. When both environmental geometry and landmark cues are available, men...

  • KOGNITYVUSIS POŽIŪRIS Ä® STEREOTIPINIUS MOTERS Ä®VAIZDŽIUS VIZUALIOJOJE REKLAMOS ERDVÄ–JE. Amankevičiūtė, Simona // Respectus Philologicus;2013, Vol. 24 Issue 29, p108 

    This article conceptualizes the image of women in the sexist advertisements of the 1950s and '60s and in current advertising discourse by combining the research traditions of both cognitive linguistics and semiotic image analysis. The aim of the research is to try to evaluate how canonical...

  • Sex Differences in the Relationship of Height to Children's Actual and Attributed Social and Cognitive Competencies. Eisenberg, Nancy; Roth, Karlsson; Bryniarski, Karyl A.; Murray, Edward // Sex Roles;Oct84, Vol. 11 Issue 7-8, p719 

    In three studies, the relationship of children's height to both (a) adults' attributions regarding the children and (b) preschoolers' social and cognitive competencies were examined. Sex differences were consistent with stereotypic conceptions. In the first two studies, mothers of preschool...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics