TITLE

Post-traumatic stress symptoms and childhood abuse categories in a national representative sample for a specific age group: associations to body mass index

AUTHOR(S)
Roenholt, Stine; Beck, NinaN.; Karsberg, SidselH.; Elklit, Ask
PUB. DATE
January 2012
SOURCE
European Journal of Psychotraumatology;2012, Vol. 3, Special section p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Studies of specific groups such as military veterans have found that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is linked to adverse health outcomes including unhealthy weight. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between PTSD symptoms, experiences of childhood trauma and weight in a community sample. Methods: A stratified random probability survey was conducted in Denmark by the Danish National Centre for Social Research between 2008 and 2009 with 2,981 participants born in 1984, achieving a response rate of 67%. The participants were interviewed with a structured interview with questions pertaining PTSD symptomatology, exposure to childhood abuse, exposure to potentially traumatizing events, height, and weight. Underweight was defined by a body mass index (BMI) <18.5, overweight was defined by a BMI ≥25 andB30 and obesity was defined by a BMI ≥30. Results: PTSD symptomatology and childhood abuse were significantly associated with both underweight and overweight/obesity. Childhood emotional abuse was especially associated with underweight, whereas sexual abuse and overall abuse were particularly associated with overweight/obesity. Conclusion: These findings indicate that health care professionals may benefit from assessing PTSD and childhood abuse in the treatment of both overweight and underweight individuals.
ACCESSION #
80826637

 

Related Articles

  • Predicting criminality from child maltreatment typologies and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Elklit, Ask; Karstoft, Karen-Inge; Armour, Cherie; Feddern, Dagmar; Christoffersen, Mogens // European Journal of Psychotraumatology;2013, Vol. 4, p1 

    Background: The associations between childhood abuse and subsequent criminality and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are well known. However, a major limitation of research related to childhood abuse and its effects is the focus on one particular type of abuse at the expense of others....

  • CHILDHOOD EMOTIONAL NEGLECT RELATED TO POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER SYMPTOMS AND BODY MASS INDEX IN ADULT WOMEN. Pederson, Cathy L.; Wilson, Josephine F. // Psychological Reports;Aug2009, Vol. 105 Issue 1, p111 

    The relationships among the severity of childhood abuse and neglect, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and adult obesity were investigated. 207 women (M age = 26.5 yr., SD = 6.7) completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Millon Clinician Multiaxial Inventory, and a demographic...

  • Effects of Childhood Abuse on Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory in Current Major Depressive Disorder. Griffith, James; Claes, Stephan; Hompes, Titia; Vrieze, Elske; Vermote, Stefanie; Debeer, Elise; Lenaert, Bert; Raes, Filip; Hermans, Dirk // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Dec2016, Vol. 40 Issue 6, p774 

    In a sample of adults diagnosed with major depressive disorder ( N = 77), we examined the relationship between overgeneral autobiographical memory and childhood physical and sexual abuse. We hypothesised that childhood abuse would be related to retrieving fewer specific autobiographical...

  • Bullying and PTSD Symptoms. Idsoe, Thormod; Dyregrov, Atle; Idsoe, Ella // Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology;Aug2012, Vol. 40 Issue 6, p901 

    PTSD symptoms related to school bullying have rarely been investigated, and never in national samples. We used data from a national survey to investigate this among students from grades 8 and 9 ( n = 963). The prevalence estimates of exposure to bullying were within the range of earlier research...

  • Early Life Trauma Exposure and Stress Sensitivity in Young Children. Grasso, Damion J.; Ford, Julian D.; Briggs-Gowan, Margaret J. // Journal of Pediatric Psychology;Jan/Feb2013, Vol. 38 Issue 1, p94 

    Objective The current study replicates and extends work with adults that highlights the relationship between trauma exposure and distress in response to subsequent, nontraumatic life stressors. Methods The sample included 213 2–4-year-old children in which 64.3% had a history of potential...

  • The Association of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder with Fast Food and Soda Consumption and Unhealthy Weight Loss Behaviors Among Young Women. Hirth, Jacqueline M.; Rahman, Mahbubur; Berenson, Abbey B. // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);Aug2011, Vol. 20 Issue 8, p1141 

    Objective: This study examines the association of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms with fast food and soda consumption, unhealthy dieting behaviors, and body mass index (BMI) in a group of young women. Methods: This study was conducted on cross-sectional data gathered from 3181...

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Eating Disorders. M. K. S. // Eating Disorders Review;Nov/Dec2012, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p1 

    The article discusses research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as an underlying factor of eating disorders. It references a National Women's Study co-authored by Tim Brewerton that was published in "International Journal of Eating Disorders" in 1997 that established assault as a factor...

  • Eating Disorders, Post-Traumatic Stress, and Sexual Trauma in Women Veterans. Forman-Hoffman, Valerie L.; Mengeling, Michelle; Booth, Brenda M.; Torner, James; Sadler, Anne G. // Military Medicine;Oct2012, Vol. 177 Issue 10, p1161 

    We examine lifetime eating disorders (EDOs) and associations with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sexual trauma during various stages of the life course (childhood, during military service, and lifetime) among women veterans. The sample included 1,004 women aged 20 to 52 years who had...

  • Selected Health Conditions Among Overweight, Obese, and Non-Obese Veterans of the 1991 Gulf War: Results from a Survey Conducted in 2003-2005. Coughlin, Steven S.; Kang, Han K.; Mahan, Clare M. // Open Epidemiology Journal;2011, Vol. 4, p140 

    Background: Several health conditions and concerns have been reported to be increased among Gulf War veterans including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), CFS-like illness, and unexplained multi-symptom illness (MSI). As the cohort of Gulf War veterans advance...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics