Geoelectric Investigation for Groundwater Exploration in Yaoundé Area, Cameroon

Teikeu, William Assatséss; Ndougsa-Mbarga, Théophile; Njandjock, Philippe Nouck; Tabod, Tabod Charles
July 2012
International Journal of Geosciences;Jul2012, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p640
Academic Journal
Yaounde zone is originally characterized by the small number of aquifers and bad renewal capacity. Within the framework of the emergency program which aims at supplying the city with drinking water, seventeen Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) were carried out using Schlumberger configuration in parts of Yaounde (latitude 3° - 5°N and longitude 11° - 13°E) to determine the nature and thickness of aquifer zone and necessary geoelectrical parameters. Four to five geoelectric layers were delineated from the survey area. The first layer is the topsoil and has resistivity values ranging from 13 - 216 Ω⋅m and thickness is between 0.1 - 6 m. The second layer made up of clay sand and laterite has resistivity values ranging between 23 and 923 Ω⋅m and thickness ranged from 1 and 40 m. The third and fourth geoelectric layers consisting of clay and gneiss/migmatite with thickness varying from 1.7 - 63.3 m correspond to an aquifer horizon. Resistivity values of the aquifer ranges from 4 to 9215 Ω⋅m. The study indicates that average depth of the aquifer is 20 m and average thickness of the aquifer is 55 m. Soundings curves suggest several four layered geoelectrical sections KH, KQ, HK type and some five layered sections of the HKH, KHK types. KH type is dominant and can be used as reference for future studies. The resistivity survey reveals that the parameters obtained through interpretation of VES curves corroborate the litho logs of boreholes from the area.


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