Mathematical Modeling of Bioremediation of Soil Contaminated With Spent Motor Oil

Surajudeen, Abdulsalam
August 2012
Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering & Applied Sciences;Aug2012, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p654
Academic Journal
A study was carried out on mathematical modeling of soil contaminated with spent motor oil. This research work is important for the prediction of bioremediation times of hydrocarbon-contaminated soil. Mathematical model for a typical soil contaminated with spent motor oil was derived from basic principles. The Oil and Grease (O&G) content and carbon dioxide (CO2) released from bioremediation experiments were used as indicators for monitoring bioremediation. The model developed was based on CO2 evolutions and it was evaluated using kinetic data, and compared with experimental results. Results obtained from this study revealed a goodness of fit between the experimental and predicted values. In addition, at 95% confidence level there was no significant difference between the experimental and predicted cumulative CO2 generation using the Chi-square (χ²) statistical tool. It was observed that the profile obtained from the evaluated model concurred with the shifting order kinetics (1-0). Therefore, the developed model can be used for the prediction of bioremediation.


Related Articles

  • A Geometric Construction of Traveling Waves in a Bioremediation Model. Beck, M.; Doelman, A.; Kaper, T.J. // Journal of Nonlinear Science;Jul2006, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p329 

    Bioremediation is a promising technique for cleaning contaminated soil. We study an idealized bioremediation model involving a substrate (contaminant to be removed), electron acceptor (added nutrient), and microorganisms in a one-dimensional soil column. Using geometric singular perturbation...

  • Application of the Haug model for process design of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soil bioremediation by composting process. Khamforoush, M.; Bijan-Manesh, M.-J.; Hatami, T. // International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology (IJE;May2013, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p533 

    The main scope of this work is applying an aerobic composting model for remediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soil. For this purpose, the reaction kinetics was integrated with the mass and energy balances over the composting system. Literature pilot scale data for bioremediation of...

  • Evaluation of a Quasi-steady-state Respiration Test in a Full-scale Biopile. Van De Steene, Joke; Van Vooren, Hannelore; Verplancke, Hubert // Water, Air & Soil Pollution;Jul2007, Vol. 183 Issue 1-4, p403 

    A quasi steady state respiration test based on Fick’s law with a correction term for advective flux, for estimating petroleum hydrocarbon degradation rates, was evaluated in a full-scale (3,000 m3) biopile study. A contaminated clayey sand soil with an average TPH content of 1,421 ±...

  • Efficiencies of introduction of an oil-oxidizing Dietzia maris strain and stimulation of natural microbial communities in remediation of polluted soil. Pleshakova, E.; Dubrovskaya, E.; Turkovskaya, O. // Applied Biochemistry & Microbiology;Jul2008, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p389 

    Two approaches to bioremediation of oil-polluted soils are compared: use of active degrader strain Dietzia maris AM3 and stimulation of natural microflora. Introduction of D. maris AM3 to soil freshly polluted with oil accelerated its remediation twofold within the first month in comparison with...

  • Monitoring of white-rot fungus during bioremediation of polychlorinated dioxin-contaminated fly ash. Suhara, H.; Daikoku, C.; Takata, H.; Suzuki, S.; Matsufuji, Y.; Sakai, K.; Kondo, R. // Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology;Oct2003, Vol. 62 Issue 5/6, p601 

    Bioremediation is a low-cost treatment alternative for the cleanup of polychlorinated-dioxin-contaminated soils and fly ash when pollution spread is wide-ranging. An interesting fungus, Ceriporia sp. MZ-340, with a high ability to degrade dioxin, was isolated from white rotten wood of a...

  • Land management: Resolving soil pollution in China. Chen, Ruishan; Ye, Chao // Nature;1/23/2014, Vol. 505 Issue 7484, p483 

    A letter to the editor is presented on topics related to finding nature, degree and location of soil pollution and contamination in China and its future bioremediation prospects.

  • Kinetics of pseudo-continuous flow bioreactor treatment of diesel contaminated soils Britto, Ronald; Truax, Dennis D.; Sherrard, Joseph H. // Water, Air & Soil Pollution;Jan1996, Vol. 86 Issue 1-4, p125 

    No abstract available.

  • The Methodology of Spent Fuel Containers Nuclear Safety Proving by Simulation. Schreiber, Peter; Tanuška, Pavol; Važan, Pavel; Bartoň, Stanislav // Central European Conference on Information & Intelligent Systems;9/23/2009, p293 

    A description of an actual status of documentation of nuclear safety for burned down fuel transport containers C-30 is given in this article. An alternative frame for this proving is given at the same time, too. The new alternative consists of mathematical modeling of container and after that in...

  • Biodegradation of carbofuran by Pichia anomala strain HQ-C-01 and its application for bioremediation of contaminated soils. Yang, Liu; Chen, Shaohua; Hu, Meiying; Hao, Weining; Geng, Peng; Zhang, Yanbo // Biology & Fertility of Soils;Nov2011, Vol. 47 Issue 8, p917 

    A novel yeast named HQ-C-01 was isolated from activated sludge and identified as Pichia anomala based on the morphology and 18S rDNA sequence analysis. The HQ-C-01 strain degraded 95.2% of carbofuran when the insecticide was used as the only C source and added at 50 mg/L in a mineral salts...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics