TITLE

Relationships between loblolly pine yield and woody plant diversity in Virginia Piedmont plantations

AUTHOR(S)
Zedaker, Shepard M.; Schabenberger, Lisa E.
PUB. DATE
July 1999
SOURCE
Canadian Journal of Forest Research;Jul1999, Vol. 29 Issue 7, p1065
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study was established to determine the effects of competition control on loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) yield and woody plant diversity in Virginia Piedmont plantations 12-14 years of age. In a factorial experiment, loblolly pine and competing woody vegetation were analyzed at eight levels of competition control: total, two-thirds, one-third, or no woody stem control in combination with either total or noherbaceous vegetation control. Pine yield increased linearly with increasing levels of woody control intensity. As woody control increased, noncrop woody plant basal area and woody plant diversity (Shannon index (H')) in the canopy decreased. Woody plant species richness in the canopy was reduced by herbaceous control and by total woody control. Percent woody cover, H', and species richness in the understory were not affected at any level of competition control. Regression analysis was used to examine relationships between loblolly pine yield, noncrop woody dominance and canopy plant diversity (H'). Pine yield was negatively correlated (R2 = 0.74) with the percentage ofnoncrop woody basal area (PNCW BA) in the canopy, while canopy diversity was proportional to PNCW BA (R2 = 0.97). Canopy diversity was inversely related to pine yield (R2 = 0.77), witha high trade-off in diversity at low yield levels, but with decreasing sensitivity as pine yield increased.
ACCESSION #
8053044

 

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