Prosthodontics: Allergy to methyl methacrylate: A review

Suvarna, Suraj R.; Agarwal, Bhaskar
September 2012
Clinical Dentistry (0974-3979);Sep2012, Vol. 6 Issue 9, p14
Academic Journal
Brief Background Not only patients but also the technicians, hygienists and even the dentists might be allergic to methyl methacrylate monomer. Patch testing is a reliable method to check for allergy to methyl methacrylate monomer. Patients with a known or suspected allergy of this type should be treated by alternative methods. Materials and Methods Literature involving hypersensitivity, allergy, methyl methacrylate and acrylic resin sensitivity was sourced both manually and online search engines and thereafter evaluated for this study. Discussion Allergic reactions fall into two main categories: immediate and delayed. Immediate allergic reactions to various foods and drugs are well-known; such responses to acrylic resin are less common and usually are of the delayed or contact allergy. Dentists handling acrylic resin materials and fitting acrylic resin dentures are concerned with the sensitizing and irritating properties of these materials. Summary and Conclusions The resin used in fabrication of dentures, repair of broken dentures and temporary fixed partial denture are known to cause allergic reactions to the patient which can be confirmed by performing patch test. Various reports in the literature indicate reactions to methyl methacrylate, and the more recent ones implicate excess monomer as the culprit. Alternatives to materials used for fabrication of Temporary restorations and complete dentures have been mentioned which is due to allergic stomatitis. In addition, precautionary measures for dentist and laboratory technician have also been mentioned.


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