TITLE

PREVALENCE, FERTILITY AND VIABILITY OF CYSTIC ECHINOCOCCOSIS IN SHEEP AND CATTLE OF ALGERIA

AUTHOR(S)
Kouidri, M.; Khoudja, F. Benchaib; Boulkaboul, A.; Selles, M.
PUB. DATE
September 2012
SOURCE
Bulgarian Journal of Veterinary Medicine;Sep2012, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p191
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A total of 1973 sheep and 799 cattle were examined at the Tiaret abattoir in order to determine the prevalence of cystic echinococcosis (CE). Echinococcus granulosis metacestodes were found in 25.66% of cattle and 3.8% of sheep. The rates of lungs and liver CE were 8.29% and 6.34% in cattle, respectively, and 17.33% and 34.66% in sheep, respectively. However, the prevalence of co-infection (liver and lungs) was the highest with 85.36% in cattle and 48% in sheep. The fertility rate of the cysts was significantly greater (P<0.05) in sheep than in cattle with 72.45% and 7.04% respectively. The viable protoscoleces of fertile cysts in sheep were also significantly more numerous (P<0.05) than in cattle with 61.22% and 4.22% respectively. These findings reflect the life cycle maintenance and the transmission of the cestode Echinococcus granulosis from definitive hosts (dogs) to intermediate hosts (sheep and cattle) in Tiaret region and prompt plans for further epidemiological studies and control programmes.
ACCESSION #
80158942

 

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