TITLE

Esterase profile of Rhipicephalus ( Boophilus) microplus populations collected from Northern India exhibiting varied susceptibility to deltamethrin

AUTHOR(S)
Abdullah, Swaid; Yadav, C.; Vatsya, Stuti
PUB. DATE
November 2012
SOURCE
Experimental & Applied Acarology;Nov2012, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p315
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Rhipicephalus ( Boophilus) microplus is an economically important ectoparasite of cattle. Chemical acaricides remain the most practical method for control of these pests. During past two decades there have been increasing reports of resistance development against synthetic pyrethroids in tick populations of this species throughout the world. A study was conducted to determine the level of susceptibility of R. ( B.) microplus to deltamethrin collected from different geographical locations of northern India. LPT bioassay results revealed LC values of deltamethrin ranging from 0.035 to 0.00037 % A.I. Esterase profile of the tick larval extracts using native PAGE, revealed 5 bands of esterase activity designated EST-5 to EST-1A. Inhibitory tests recognized EST-1, EST-2 and EST-3 as Acetylcholinesterases (AchEs), EST-4 and EST-5 as Carboxylesterases (CaEs). The band intensity varied between tick populations of various locations, being more intense in case of the resistant populations. An extra band of esterase activity (EST-1A) was obtained in larval extracts of ticks from 3 locations. This increased esterase activity may be involved in the resistance development in these tick populations. Acaricide resistance is a multi-factorial phenomenon, thus other causes of increased resistance like sodium channel mutation and reduced drug penetration (e.g. cuticle thickening) and behavioural changes (e.g. avoiding the pesticides) are to be tested in future in order to confirm the basic cause of the resistance development in these acaricide resistant tick populations.
ACCESSION #
80032011

 

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