A study of prevalence of anemia and sociodemographic factors associated with anemia among pregnant women in Aurangabad city, India

Lokare, Pushpa O.; Karanjekar, Vinod D.; Gattani, Prakash L.; Kulkarni, Ashok P.
January 2012
Annals of Nigerian Medicine;Jan2012, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p30
Academic Journal
Background: Anemia in pregnancy accounts for one fifth of maternal deaths worldwide and is a major factor responsible for low birth weight. In India, 16% of maternal deaths are attributed to anemia. The association between anemia and adverse pregnancy outcome, higher incidence of preterm and low-birth weight deliveries have been demonstrated. However, high prevalence of anemia among pregnant women persists in India despite the availability of effective, low-cost interventions for prevention and treatment. A knowledge of the sociodemographic factors associated with anemia will help to formulate multipronged strategies to attack this important public health problem in pregnancy. Aim: To study the prevalence of anemia and the various sociodemographic factors associated with anemia among pregnant women at an urban health center in Aurangabad city, India. Setting: Urban Health Center (UHC) of Government Medical College, Aurangabad, India. Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out from August 2006 to July 2008. A total of 352 pregnant women were selected using a systematic random sampling technique. The participants were included only after confirmation of the pregnancy. Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test, Chi-square test for trend. Results: Overall prevalence of anemia among the pregnant women was found to be 87.21%. Factors such as religion, level of education of women and their husbands and socioeconomic status were found to be significantly associated with the prevalence of anemia in pregnancy (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Low socioeconomic class, illiteracy, Hindu religion were significantly associated with high prevalence of anemia during pregnancy in Indian women.


Related Articles

  • SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CORRELATES OF MOTHERS GIVEN BIRTH TO NORMAL AND LOW BIRTH WEIGHT BABIES. Neelaiah, Prabhavathi Siddiah; Begum, Khyrunnisa // JPMI: Journal of Postgraduate Medical Institute;2013, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p242 

    Objectives: To observe the pattern of morbidity affecting fetal growth among the low socio economic group women. Methodology: One hundred and fifty pregnant women who were in 2nd and 3rd trimester were selected from government maternity hospital which catered to the low socio economic group. The...

  • Association of Low Birth Weight Infants and Maternal Sociodemographic Status in Tuzla Canton during 1992-1995 War Period in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Skoki´c, Fahrija; Baˇcaj, Dubravka; Selimovi´c, Amela; Hasanovi´c,, Evlijana; Muratovi´c, Selma; Halilbaˇsi´c, Amir // International Journal of Pediatrics;2010, p1 

    Objectives. We examined association between incidence rate of lowbirth weight in liveborn infants andmaternal sociodemographic status in Tuzla Canton during 1992–1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Methods. The present study covers a 22-year period (1988–2009), including the war...

  • Sociodemographic factors in anaemia in pregnancy in south-western Nigeria. M. O., Owolabi; A. O., Owolabi; D. A., OlaOlorun // South African Family Practice;May/Jun2012, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p222 

    Background: Anaemia in pregnancy persists, especially in third world countries where poor diet, low levels of literacy, infections, infestations and cultural practices predispose pregnant women to being anaemic. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy and to...

  • Abstracts. Scott, Cynthia Kunkel // Physical Therapy;Sep1995, Vol. 75 Issue 9, p840 

    Presents an abstract of the report `Prevalence of Low Birth Weight and Preterm Delivery in Relation to the Interval Between Pregnancies Among White and Black Women,' by J.S. Rawlings, V.B. Rawlings and J.A. Read.

  • Women Treated With Radiation May Have High-Risk Pregnancies. Hogle, William P. // Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing;Jun2004, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p239 

    The article highlights studies on the association between radiation therapy and risk for pregnancy complications. The Childhood Cancer Survivor Study followed 1,915 women with 4,029 pregnancies and found that babies of patients who received pelvic irradiation were more likely to have low birth...

  • A Case Control Study on Risk Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight Babies in Eastern Nepal. Bhaskar, Ravi Kumar; Deo, Krishna Kumar; Neupane, Uttam; Chaudhary Bhaskar, Subhadra; Yadav, Birendra Kumar; Pokharel, Hanoon P.; Pokharel, Paras Kumar // International Journal of Pediatrics;12/10/2015, p1 

    Background. This study was done to assess the maternal and sociodemographic factors associated with low birth weight (LBW) babies. Methods. An unmatched case control study was done involving 159 cases (mothers having LBW singleton babies) and 159 controls (mothers having normal birth weight...

  • No increase in adverse pregnancy outcomes for women receiving antiepileptic drugs. Hsiu-Li Lin; Yi-Hua Chen; Hsiu-Chen Lin; Herng-Ching Lin // Journal of Neurology;Oct2009, Vol. 256 Issue 10, p1742 

    The objectives of this study were (1) to investigate the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes among the epileptic and general populations, including small for gestational age (SGA), low birth weight (LBW) and preterm delivery, using two large-scale nationwide population-based databases, and...

  • THE BURDEN OF MALARIA INFECTION ON PREGNANT WOMEN AND BIRTH WEIGHT OF INFANTS IN SOUTH WESTERN NIGERIA. Akanbi, O. M.; Odaibo, A. B.; Ademowo, O. G. // East African Journal of Public Health;Apr2009, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p63 

    Objective: To determine the effect of malaria infection on pregnant women and the birth weight of the infants in the south western Nigeria. Subject 262 pregnant women who came for antenatal clinic at Ade-Oyo maternity hospital. 128 were primigravidae while 134 were multigravidae. Methodology:...

  • Previous abortion and the risk of low birth weight and preterm births.  // Current Medical Literature: Gynecology & Obstetrics;2008, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p98 

    The article discusses research being done on the link between previous abortion and the risk of low birth weight and preterm birth. It references a study by J. S. Brown and colleagues published in the 2008 issue of the "Journal of Epidemiology Community Health." The study examined medical...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics