TITLE

Mechanics of a Fiber Network Within a Non-Fibrillar Matrix: Model and Comparison with Collagen-Agarose Co-gels

AUTHOR(S)
Lake, Spencer; Hadi, Mohammad; Lai, Victor; Barocas, Victor
PUB. DATE
October 2012
SOURCE
Annals of Biomedical Engineering;Oct2012, Vol. 40 Issue 10, p2111
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
While collagen is recognized as the predominant mechanical component of soft connective tissues, the role of the non-fibrillar matrix (NFM) is less well understood. Even model systems, such as the collagen-agarose co-gel, can exhibit complex behavior, making it difficult to identify relative contributions of specific tissue constituents. In the present study, we developed a two-component microscale model of collagen-agarose tissue analogs and used it to elucidate the interaction between collagen and NFM in uniaxial tension. Collagen fibers were represented with Voronoi networks, and the NFM was modeled as a neo-Hookean solid. Model predictions of total normal stress and Poisson's ratio matched experimental observations well (including high Poisson's values of ~3), and the addition of NFM led to composition-dependent decreases in volume change and increases in fiber stretch. Because the NFM was more resistant to volume change than the fiber network, extension of the composite led to pressurization of the NFM. Within a specific range of parameter values (low shear modulus and moderate Poisson's ratio), the magnitude of the reaction force decreased relative to this pressurization component resulting in a negative (compressive) NFM stress in the loading direction, even though the composite tissue was in tension.
ACCESSION #
79824171

 

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