Comparison of Epidural and Systemic Tramadol for Analgesia Following Ovariohysterectomy

Mastrocinque, Sandra; Almeida, Tatiana F.; Tatarunas, Angélica C.; Imagawa, Viviani H.; Otsuki, Denise A.; Matera, Julia M.; Fantoni, Denise T.
September 2012
Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association;Sep/Oct2012, Vol. 48 Issue 5, p310
Academic Journal
The article presents a study which examined the effectiveness of epidural and systemic tramadol as postoperative analgesia in bitches undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Findings revealed that there were no differences between the two groups with regard to cardiorespiratory parameters, end-tidal isoflurane, and pain scores. Two dogs from the intramuscular and one in the epidural group needed supplemental analgesia. An increase in cortisol was made for both groups compared to baseline.


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