Orofacial Manifestations of High-Rise Syndrome in Cats: A Retrospective Study of 84 Cases

Bonner, Sarah E.; Reiter, Alexander M.; Lewis, John R.
March 2012
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry;Spring2012, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p10
Academic Journal
Medical records of cats with high-rise trauma were reviewed to document the prevalence and clinical manifestations of orofacial injury. Cats were presented over a 10-year period from January 2000 to December 2009. Signalment, weight, number of stories fallen, and survival data were recorded in 84 cats and physical examination findings were obtained from 83 cats. Fourteen of these cats were examined by vet-erinarians of the Dentistry and Oral Surgery Service. Mean age was 37-months. Mean distance fallen was 2.65 stories, and in the majority of cases the substrate the cat fell on was not recorded. Overall, survival was 94.0 % when including euthanasia as a cause of death and 98.8 % when excluding euthanized patients. Orofacial findings included bilateral epistaxis, hard palate fracture +/- tear ofpalatal soft tissue, palatal soft tissue bruising, mandibular fracture, mandibu-lar symphyseal separation, tongue injury, facial soft tissue injury, dental trauma, and other oral soft tissue injury. Sixty-six percent of cats suffered some degree of orofacial injury. The population was analyzed for the prevalence of each type of injuiy. An oronasal fistula was seen in one cat as a complication of an untreated hard palate fracture. Possible etiology of the injuries and treatment options are discussed.


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