TITLE

Racist Arguments and I.Q

AUTHOR(S)
Gould, Stephen Jay
PUB. DATE
May 1974
SOURCE
Natural History;May1974, Vol. 83 Issue 5, p24
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Comments on biological determinism and the attempts of scientists to equate egalitarianism with sentimental hope and emotional blindness. Lack of genetically based differences in intelligence among human groups; Consideration of the how the racist arguments of the nine-teenth century were based on craniometry, the measurement of human skulls; Indications about the genetic and environmental factors which cause differences in performance on intelligence quotient (IQ) tests; Suggestion that the expression of any human trait is representative of a complex interaction of heredity and environment.
ACCESSION #
7953870

 

Related Articles

  • Genetics and Biological Determinism: Scientific Breakthrough or Blaming the Victim Revisited? Kilty, Keith M.; Segal, Elizabeth A. // Humanity & Society;Aug96, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p90 

    The article focuses its discussion on genetics and biological determinism. Scientific racism, sexism, etc., are based on the notion that science has led us to important new discoveries, so-called breakthroughs that give us unique and challenging insights into the human condition. Yet these...

  • Race, IQ, and the search for statistical signals associated with so-called 'X'-factors: environments, racism, and the 'hereditarian hypothesis'. Kaplan, Jonathan // Biology & Philosophy;Jan2015, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p1 

    Some authors defending the 'hereditarian' hypothesis with respect to differences in average IQ scores between populations have argued that the sorts of environmental variation hypothesized by some researchers rejecting the hereditarian position should leave discoverable statistical traces,...

  • Linkage Analyses of IQ in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA) Sample. Dick, Danielle M.; Aliev, Fazil; Bierut, Laura; Goate, Alison; Rice, John; Hinrichs, Anthony; Bertelsen, Sarah; Wang, Jen C.; Dunn, Gerald; Kuperman, Sam; Schuckit, Marc; Nurnberger Jr., John; Porjesz, Bernice; Beglieter, Henri; Kramer, John; Hesselbrock, Victor // Behavior Genetics;Jan2006, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p77 

    Intelligence, as measured by standardized psychological tests, has been shown to be highly heritable, though identifying specific genes influencing general intelligence has proven difficult. We conducted genome-wide linkage analyses to identify chromosomal regions containing genes influencing...

  • Of Hoggamus and Hogwash: Evolutionary Psychology and Gender Relations. Van Leeuwen, Mary Stewart // Journal of Psychology & Theology;Summer2002, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p101 

    Explores the concept of evolutionary psychology under the context of Christian views in the U.S. Role of genes in determining human physical and behavioral characteristics; Mechanisms of natural selection; Differences in the genetic evolution of men and women.

  • Evolvable Neuronal Paths: A Novel Basis for Information and Search in the Brain. Fernando, Chrisantha; Vasas, Vera; Szathmáry, Eörs; Husbands, Phil // PLoS ONE;2011, Vol. 6 Issue 8, p1 

    We propose a previously unrecognized kind of informational entity in the brain that is capable of acting as the basis for unlimited hereditary variation in neuronal networks. This unit is a path of activity through a network of neurons, analogous to a path taken through a hidden Markov model. To...

  • Parental Education and Child's Verbal IQ in Adoptive and Biological Families in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Neiss, Michelle; Rowe, David C. // Behavior Genetics;Nov2000, Vol. 30 Issue 6, p487 

    This study compared adoptive children and matched, biological children to estimate the genetic and environmental effect of years of mothers' and fathers' education on children's verbal intelligence (VIQ), as assessed by knowledge of vocabulary words. Adoptive and biological adolescent children...

  • Behind the curve. Kaus, Mickey // New Republic;10/31/94, Vol. 211 Issue 18, p4 

    Opposes author Charles Murray's racist perception of African Americans as reflected in his book "The Bell Curve," co-authored with Richard J. Herrnstein. Controversy of the book's assertion that African Americans have lower cognitive ability; Question raised on Murray's credibility to explore...

  • Stage-structured cycles promote genetic diversity in a predator-prey system of Daphnia and algae. Nelson, William A.; McCauley, Edward; Wrona, Frederick J. // Nature;1/27/2005, Vol. 433 Issue 7024, p413 

    Competition theory predicts that population fluctuations can promote genetic diversity when combined with density-dependent selection. However, this stabilizing mechanism has rarely been tested, and was recently rejected as an explanation for maintaining diversity in natural populations of the...

  • Genome-wide Scan of IQ Finds Significant Linkage to a Quantitative Trait Locus on 2q. Luciano, M.; Wright, M. J.; Duffy, D. L.; Wainwright, M. A.; Zhu, G.; Evans, D. M.; Geffen, G. M.; Montgomery, G. W.; Martin, N. G. // Behavior Genetics;Jan2006, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p45 

    A genome-wide linkage scan of 795 microsatellite markers (761 autosomal, 34 X chromosome) was performed on Multidimensional Aptitude Battery subtests and verbal, performance and full scale scores, the WAIS-R Digit Symbol subtest, and two word-recognition tests (Schonell Graded Word Reading Test,...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics