TITLE

Genotoxicity of trophosphamide in mouse germ cells: assessment of micronuclei in spermatids and chromosome aberrations in one-cell zygotes

AUTHOR(S)
Tiveron, Cecilia; Russo, Antonella; Bassani, Bruno; Pacchierotti, Francesca
PUB. DATE
January 1996
SOURCE
Mutagenesis;Jan1996, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p125
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The genotoxicity of trophosphamide (TP) in mouse germ cells was assessed by the cytogenetic analysis of micronuclei in spermatids and chromosome aberrations in one-cell zygotes and compared with the genotoxicity in somatic cells evaluated by the micronucleus reticulocyte assay. Single acute doses of 50, 75, 100 and 150 mg/kg were studied after i.p. injection. TP was only weakly mutagenic for preleptotene spermatocytes-differentiating spermatogonia, but clear-cut cytotoxic effects were demonstrated after treatment of these cells by a dose-dependent reduction of the ratio between Golgi and cap phase spermatids. Effects induced in post-meiotic stages were estimated, after mating the treated males with untreated superovulated females, by the frequencies of zygotes with chromosome aberrations: a peak of genetic damage was detected in late spermatids, with as many as 55% zygotes with aberrations, but spermatozoa and early spermatids were also clearly affected. When compared with matched solvent-injected controls, the lowest effective dose in spermatozoa and late spermatids was 100 mg/kg, although the 3- to 4-fold increases detected at 50 mg/kg were also statistically significant when compared with a pool of laboratory controls. In peripheral blood reticulocytes, the micronuleus frequencies were increased by 3–20 times the respective baseline values in the individual animals. A marked cytotoxic effect on bone marrow cells was revealed by the reduction of the proportion of early reticulocyte stages, which dropped to 20% of the control value at 150 mg/kg. Both genotoxic and cytotoxic effects were higher in bone marrow than in germ cells of the same animals, pointing to a generalized higher susceptibility of somatic cells to TP, possibly related to chemical distribution and target organ accessibility. The accurate description of stage- and dose-effect relationships in germ cells of experimental models is crucial for genetic risk assessment after chemical exposure. The approaches applied in this study may contribute to this goal.
ACCESSION #
79249043

 

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