TITLE

Autocrine TGF-β protects breast cancer cells from apoptosis through reduction of BH3-only protein, Bim

AUTHOR(S)
Hoshino, Yukari; Katsuno, Yoko; Ehata, Shogo; Miyazono, Kohei
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
Journal of Biochemistry;Jan2011, Vol. 149 Issue 1, p55
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Cancer cells undergo multi-step processes in obtaining the ability to metastasize, and are constantly exposed to signals that induce apoptosis. Acquisition of anti-apoptotic properties by cancer cells is important for metastasis, and recent studies suggest that transforming growth factor (TGF)-β promotes the survival of certain types of cancer cells. Here, we found that in highly metastatic breast cancer cells, JygMC(A), JygMC(B) and 4T1, TGF-β ligands were produced in autocrine fashion. Pharmacological inhibition of endogenous TGF-β signalling by a TGF-β type I receptor kinase inhibitor in serum-free conditions increased the expression of BH3-only protein, Bim (also known as Bcl2-like 11) in JygMC(A) and JygMC(B) cells, and caused apoptotic cell death. We also found that induction of Bim by TGF-β was not observed in Foxc1 knocked-down cancer cells. These findings suggest that TGF-β plays a crucial role in the regulation of survival of certain types of cancer cells through the TGF-β-Foxc1-Bim pathway, and that specific inhibitors of TGF-β signalling might be useful as apoptosis inducers in breast cancer cells.
ACCESSION #
79230845

 

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