TITLE

Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria on Tomato Surfaces and Effectiveness of Disinfectants in Reducing the Microbial Load

AUTHOR(S)
Rupa, Fauzia Ahmed; Sultana, Munawar; Inatsu, Yasuhiro; Bari, Md. Latiful; Hossain, Md. Anwar
PUB. DATE
May 2012
SOURCE
Journal of Food Science & Engineering;2012, Vol. 2 Issue 5, p293
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study was conducted to isolate and identify antibiotic resistant bacteria in fresh tomato sold in three different local markets of Dhaka city. On an average > 5.0 log CFU/g of natural microbial populations and coliform bacteria was present in the samples. Prevalence of Salmonella spp., E. coli, Listeria spp., and Yersinia spp., were recorded through cultivation dependent assay of tomato samples of different markets. Almost all of the isolates were uniformly resistant to rifampicin, erythromycin, clindamycin and oxacillin (100%), vancomycin (93%), amoxicillin (87%), whereas 60% of the isolates were found to be resistant to ampicillin and cephalexin. Antibiotic sensitivity test of the presumptive E. coli and Salmonella spp. and corresponding plasmid profiling indicated a correlation of plasmid mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) of these environmental bacteria. Washing with sanitizing agents such as acidified sodium chlorite (ASC) and 200 ppm chlorinated water was able to reduce = 2.0 log CFU/g of natural microflora and coliform bacteria. In contrast, ASC was able to reduce = 2.0 log CFU/g of other food borne pathogens and, chlorinated water was able to reduce up to undetectable level. Therefore, washing of tomato with 200 ppm chlorinated water could be useful in reducing the pathogen populations on tomatoes.
ACCESSION #
78567377

 

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