Bahrani, Taher; Sim, Tam Shu
April 2012
Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology;Apr2012, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p142
Academic Journal
Based on the informal language learning theory, language learning can occur outside the classroom setting unconsciously and incidentally through interaction with the native speakers or exposure to authentic language input through technology. However, an EFL context lacks the social interaction which naturally occurs in an ESL context. To explore which source of language input would have a greater impact, this study investigated the effect of exposure on speaking proficiency. Two types of exposure were provided: audiovisual mass media as a source of language input in an EFL context and social interaction as a source of language input in an ESL context. A sample speaking test was administered to one hundred language learners in an EFL context (Iran) and another one hundred language learners in an ESL context (Malaysia). Then, thirty participants from each context who scored one standard deviation above and below the mean were selected as homogenous language learners. During the experiment, EFL participants had exposure to audiovisual mass media while the ESL participants were exposed to social interaction as a source of language input. At the end, both groups took another sample speaking test. The post-test showed that the EFL group performed better which was indicative of the fact that exposure to technology promotes speaking proficiency.


Related Articles

  • TEACHING ENGLISH THROUGH OPEN NON-FORMAL EDUCATION (ONFE) IN BANGLADESH WITH AN EFFECTIVE INTEGRATION OF ICT TO SUPPORT LEARNING. Rahman, Mizanoor; Panda, Santosh // Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education (TOJDE);Jul2012, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p87 

    The program entitled "English in Action (EIA)", 9 year period DFID funded project in Bangladesh, was launched in 2008, for the desire to bring a change in the learning of English language. EIA works to reach a total of 25 million primary and secondary students and adult learners through...

  • When and how the language development in TBI? Bruton, Anthony // ELT Journal: English Language Teaching Journal;Jul2002, Vol. 56 Issue 3, p296 

    Focuses on the questionable effects of peer group interaction on interlanguage development. Results from language learning from oral interaction in pairs; Discussion on the context of English as a foreign language; Issues on immediate assimilation of English language.

  • THE STATUS OF ESL, FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND TECHNOLOGY. Claybourne, Tim // Media & Methods;Sep/Oct2000, Vol. 37 Issue 1, p6 

    Focuses on the use of technology to teach the English language to foreign students. Ways in which technology is enhancing the language learning process; Example of software programs used to teach English and other languages.

  • ESL Tools & Resources, Part II. Ganss, Dawn; Weisburg, Hilda K.; Toor, Ruth // School Librarian's Workshop;New Year 2006, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p20 

    The article presents a list of several Internet sites which are related to teaching English as a Second Language in the U.S., including English Club.com, Welcome to Ernie's Activities Page, Ilovelanguages, and Merriam-Webster Online.

  • Bridging Theories and Practice through Research: The Malaysian experience. TAN KIM HUA; MOHD. NOR, NOR FARIZA // 3L: Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies;2012, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p1 

    An introduction is presented in which the editors discuss various reports within the issue on topics including the acquisition of English language by Malay and Chinese students, a comparative study of nasal final prefixes, and the use of technology in education.

  • Lights, television, action! Clovis, Donna L. // Educational Leadership;Nov97, Vol. 55 Issue 3, p38 

    Presents how a teacher of English as a second language (ESL) at Riverside Elementary School in Princeton, New Jersey, discovers the power of using electronic media with her multicultural class. Teaching a class of multicultural background; Using video and television as teaching tools;...

  • Integrated EFL Skills and Technology: Focus on Learners' Perceptions. Mostafa El-Dali, Hosni // Arab World English Journal;2015 Special Issue, p91 

    This study reports on the results of an experiment conducted on 612 advanced learners of English as a foreign language. The paper attempts to explore the students' attitudes towards the value of using technology in language teaching. The study is based on the premise that one of the guiding...

  • Synergizing Formative and Summative Assessment of Presentation Slideshows. White, Eddy // Arab World English Journal;Sep2015, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p3 

    This report describes research carried out at in an EFL public speaking course at a Japanese university. While student presentations typically involve both delivery and student slideshows being assessed at the same time, this investigation looks at separating the two components and assessing...

  • Second Language Acquisition in Informal Setting. Bahrani, Taher; Tam Shu Sim; Nekoueizadeh, Marziyeh // Theory & Practice in Language Studies;Aug2014, Vol. 4 Issue 8, p1714 

    For second language acquisition (SLA), having access to language input is critical. Although the theories of SLA attach different importance to the role of language input, they all acknowledge the need for it (Ellis, 2008). Learners of English as a second (ESL) or a foreign language (EFL) are...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics