Renal biopsy criterion in children with asymptomatic constant isolated proteinuria

Hama, Taketsugu; Nakanishi, Koichi; Shima, Yuko; Mukaiyama, Hironobu; Togawa, Hiroko; Tanaka, Ryojiro; Hamahira, Kiyoshi; Kaito, Hiroshi; Iijima, Kazumoto; Yoshikawa, Norishige
August 2012
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation;Aug2012, Vol. 27 Issue 8, p3186
Academic Journal
…in several European countries children often perform urine analysis before entering intensive sport programs or by chance as routine analysis before minor surgery or for other health problems. In these cases the detection of isolated proteinuria and/or hematuria leads the Pediatricians and sometimes also the Nephrologists into the dilemma on whether to perform or not a renal biopsy.Background The criterion of a renal biopsy in children with asymptomatic persistent isolated proteinuria is controversial. Methods To determine an adequate renal biopsy criterion in children with asymptomatic constant isolated proteinuria, the optimal cutoff maximum urinary protein/creatinine ratio (uP/Cr) to separate minor glomerular abnormalities (MGA) and other significant glomerular changes was obtained by receiver operating characteristic analysis in 44 children with asymptomatic constant isolated proteinuria (uP/Cr ≥0.2 g/g) screened from 1167 patients who underwent a renal biopsy between September 2000 and April 2010. Patients were divided into two groups according to the cutoff value to verify its validity. Results The optimal uP/Cr was 0.5 g/g. In Group 1 (uP/Cr <0.5 g/g, n = 15), only one patient (6.7%) showed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and the other 14 patients (93.3%) had MGA. In Group 2 (uP/Cr ≥0.5 g/g at least once before biopsy, n = 29), 5 patients showed FSGS and 7 patients had nephritis such as IgA nephropathy (41.4%, n = 12) and the other 17 patients (58.6%) showed MGA. These findings indicated that the ratio of non-MGA/MGA was significantly higher in Group 2 than that in Group 1 (P = 0.016) and that if renal biopsies were performed with a criterion of a maximum uP/Cr ≥0.5 g/g (criterion for Group 2), renal biopsies could be avoided in 45.2% of patients with MGA. One patient with FSGS in Group 1 showed proteinuria with uP/Cr ≥0.5 g/g in the clinical course. Conclusions An adequate renal biopsy criterion in children with asymptomatic constant isolated proteinuria is uP/Cr ≥0.5 g/g.


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