Five Elements of Normative Ethics - A General Theory of Normative Individualism
- act utilitarianism Philosophy. // Dictionary of Theories;2002, p8
A definition of the phrase "act utilitarianism" is presented. It refers to the official form of utilitarianism, which states that a person's duty on any occasion is to act in the way which will produce consequences better than those that any other action open to them would produce.
- Life-Prolonging Killings and their Relevance to Ethics. Lippert-Rasmussen, Kasper // Ethical Theory & Moral Practice;Jun99, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p135
What makes killing morally wrong? And what makes killing morally worse than letting die? Standard answers to these two questions presuppose that killing someone involves shortening that person's life. Yet, as I argue in the first two sections of this article, this presupposition is false:...
- Egalitarianism versus Utilitarianism. Binmore, Ken // Utilitas;Nov98, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p353
Presents a comparative analysis of egalitarianism and utilitarianism from a naturalistic perspective. Deontological theory of J. Rawls; Consequential theory of J. Harsanyi; Empathy equilibrium; Differences in fairness judgments.
- Impartial Reasons, Moral Demands. McElwee, Brian // Ethical Theory & Moral Practice;Aug2011, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p457
Consequentialism is often charged with demandingness objections which arise in response to the theory's commitment to impartiality. It might be thought that the only way that consequentialists can avoid such demandingness objections is by dropping their commitment to impartialism. However, I...
- The Common Structure of Kantianism and Act-Utilitarianism. WOODARD, CHRISTOPHER // Utilitas;Jun2013, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p246
This article proposes a way of understanding Kantianism, act-utilitarianism and some other important ethical theories according to which they are all versions of the same kind of theory, sharing a common structure. I argue that this is a profitable way to understand the theories discussed. It is...
- The Moral Oracle's Test. Hansson, Sven // Ethical Theory & Moral Practice;Aug2014, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p643
When presented with a situation involving an agent's choice between alternative actions, a moral oracle says what the agent is allowed to do. The oracle bases her advice on some moral theory, but the nature of that theory is not known by us. The moral oracle's test consists in determining...
- Prerogatives Without Restrictions? Das, Ramon // Philosophical Studies;Jun2000, Vol. 99 Issue 3, p347
Discusses the dilemma relating to hybrid theory. Theory's rejection of consequentialism; Comparison to dominant modes of contemporary moral theorizing; Ways in which consequantialist theories demand too much of individuals; Problems with moral theory.
- Consequentialism, Alternatives, and Actualism. Carlson, Erik // Philosophical Studies;Dec1999, Vol. 96 Issue 3, p253
This article focuses on literature on utilitarianism. For a long time, it appears, the internal structure of consequentialism was regarded as relatively unproblematic. During the last two or three decades, however, such structural questions have received much more attention. Classical...
- Playing Dice with Morality: Weighted Lotteries and the Number Problem. DOUCET, MATHIEU // Utilitas;Jun2013, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p161
In this article I criticize the non-consequentialist Weighted Lottery (WL) solution to the choice between saving a smaller or a larger group of people. WL aims to avoid what non-consequentialists see as consequentialism's unfair aggregation by giving equal consideration to each individual's...