Five Elements of Normative Ethics - A General Theory of Normative Individualism
- act utilitarianism Philosophy. // Dictionary of Theories;2002, p8
A definition of the phrase "act utilitarianism" is presented. It refers to the official form of utilitarianism, which states that a person's duty on any occasion is to act in the way which will produce consequences better than those that any other action open to them would produce.
- Life-Prolonging Killings and their Relevance to Ethics. Lippert-Rasmussen, Kasper // Ethical Theory & Moral Practice;Jun99, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p135
What makes killing morally wrong? And what makes killing morally worse than letting die? Standard answers to these two questions presuppose that killing someone involves shortening that person's life. Yet, as I argue in the first two sections of this article, this presupposition is false:...
- Egalitarianism versus Utilitarianism. Binmore, Ken // Utilitas;Nov98, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p353
Presents a comparative analysis of egalitarianism and utilitarianism from a naturalistic perspective. Deontological theory of J. Rawls; Consequential theory of J. Harsanyi; Empathy equilibrium; Differences in fairness judgments.
- Impartial Reasons, Moral Demands. McElwee, Brian // Ethical Theory & Moral Practice;Aug2011, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p457
Consequentialism is often charged with demandingness objections which arise in response to the theory's commitment to impartiality. It might be thought that the only way that consequentialists can avoid such demandingness objections is by dropping their commitment to impartialism. However, I...
- The Common Structure of Kantianism and Act-Utilitarianism. WOODARD, CHRISTOPHER // Utilitas;Jun2013, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p246
This article proposes a way of understanding Kantianism, act-utilitarianism and some other important ethical theories according to which they are all versions of the same kind of theory, sharing a common structure. I argue that this is a profitable way to understand the theories discussed. It is...
- Prerogatives Without Restrictions? Das, Ramon // Philosophical Studies;Jun2000, Vol. 99 Issue 3, p347
Discusses the dilemma relating to hybrid theory. Theory's rejection of consequentialism; Comparison to dominant modes of contemporary moral theorizing; Ways in which consequantialist theories demand too much of individuals; Problems with moral theory.
- The Incoherence Objection in Moral Theory. Wiland, Eric // Acta Analytica;Autumn2010, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p279
J.J.C. Smart famously complained that rule utilitarianism is incoherent, and that rule utilitarians are guilty of ï¿½rule worshipï¿½. Much has been said about whether Smartï¿½s complaint is justified, but I will assume for the sake of argument that Smart was on to something. Instead, I...
- Can Consequentialism Be Reconciled with Our Common-Sense Moral Intuitions? Portmore, Douglas W. // Philosophical Studies;Jul1998, Vol. 91 Issue 1, p1
This article focuses on consequentialism. Historically, consequentialists have applied their theory to ever more sophisticated axiologies in an attempt to bring consequentialism closer in line with our commonsense moral intuitions. Yet many contemporary moral philosophers have come to the...
- A Royal Road to Consequentialism? Peterson, Martin // Ethical Theory & Moral Practice;Apr2010, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p153
To consequentialise a moral theory means to account for moral phenomena usually described in nonconsequentialist terms, such as rights, duties, and virtues, in a consequentialist framework. This paper seeks to show that all moral theories can be consequentialised. The paper distinguishes between...