TITLE

Childhood Obesity in Japan: A Growing Public Health Threat

AUTHOR(S)
Abdul Jalil Rohana; Aiba, Naomi
PUB. DATE
June 2012
SOURCE
International Medical Journal;Jun2012, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p146
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background & objective: Childhood obesity in Japan is rising up perpendicular to the obesity in adult. It is a growing public health concern that will be reaching epidemic levels. Obesity in Japanese children was prominent with other complications such as hypertension, serum lipid disorder and fatty liver, especially during later life in adulthood. 'Tracking' of obesity in children is useful to predict serious complications in adult obesity, even though the effect of overweight on mortality and morbidity has not been well documented. Previous studies suggested that obesity during childhood will be accompanied by serious health complications in later adult phases. Methods: A review of literature on previous studies related to the prevalence of obesity in children and factors associated particularly for Japan scenario were gathered and summarized. Results: Most studies showed due to the remarkable improvement of socioeconomic development in Japan affected eating habits and lifestyles among Japanese children. Irregular food intake is an important issue, in other words children tend to skip their main meals especially breakfast. Rapid shift from enjoying traditional food toward Westernized diet was closely associated with metabolic syndrome and other co-morbidities. Apart from that, sedentary lifestyles among today's Japanese children particularly lack of physical activity led to the increasing trend of obesity. Conclusion: Obesity in Japanese children became a threat because of poor quality of life and metabolic syndrome such as hyperlipidemia, abnormal glucose tolerance and hypertension. A strong relationship between obesity and prevalence of diabetes mellitus became more prominent coupled with unhealthy lifestyles among children. Hopefully, the active promotion of food education Shokuiku will prevent chronic childhood obesity in Japan especially during school lunch program. In general, programs aimed to increase activity levels may be helpful to combat childhood obesity problem worldwide.
ACCESSION #
78051012

 

Related Articles

  • Risk of Metabolic Syndrome among Children and Adolescents Residing in Mumbai. Mandalika, Subhadra; Janoos, Shirin // Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development;Apr-Jun2013, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p246 

    Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is defined as a constellation of metabolic disturbances including central obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hypertension leading to type II diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The objective of the present study is to assess the risk of MS among children...

  • Clinical practice. Cohen, Meryl // European Journal of Pediatrics;Aug2012, Vol. 171 Issue 8, p1145 

    Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions in many parts of the world. This epidemic has also affected children and adults with congenital heart disease (CHD). Over one quarter of children with CHD are overweight or obese. Important comorbidities are associated with obesity including...

  • The Relationship between Diet, Lifestyle and Metabolically Healthy Obeity. Mi Kyung Kim // Journal of Korean Diabetes;2014, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p21 

    Obesity prevalence is increasing worldwide, including in Korea. It is associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. However, certain obese individualsfall into the category of metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and do not have...

  • ARE WE THE LIFESTYLE POLICE? Niki // Community Care;9/2/2010, Issue 1833, p8 

    The article offers the author's view on the diet of children. She reports on the debate whether childhood obesity is a safeguarding issue since over-feeding children is as harmful as under-feeding. She mentions her experiences in commenting on a family's eating habits. She also discusses the...

  • Metabolic syndrome risk factors and estimated glomerular filtration rate among children and adolescents. Koulouridis, Efstathios; Georgalidis, Kostantinos; Kostimpa, Ioulia; Koulouridis, Ioannis; Krokida, Angeliki; Houliara, Despina // Pediatric Nephrology;Mar2010, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p491 

    The aim of this study was to seek the possible relationship between estimated glomerular filtration rate (e-GFR) and anthropometric indexes, lipids, insulin sensitivity, and metabolic syndrome risk factors among healthy children and adolescents. Sufficient evidence suggest that obesity is...

  • Adiponectin and Leptin Metabolic Biomarkers in Chinese Children and Adolescents. Jie Mi; Munkonda, Mercedes Nancy; Ming Li; Mei-Xian Zhang; Xiao-Yuan Zhao; Fouejeu, Ponce Cedric Wamba; Cianflone, Katherine // Journal of Obesity;2010, p1 

    Objective. To evaluate leptin and adiponectin as biomarkers of metabolic syndrome (MS) risk factors even in nonobese children/adolescents. Methods. Serum leptin, adiponectin, leptin:adiponectin ratio, lipids, glucose, and insulin concentrations as well as body size parameters and pubertal...

  • OBESIDAD Y FACTORES DE RIESGO DEL S�NDROME METAB�LICO EN J�VENES CON DIABETES TIPO. Prieto, Mariana; Krochik, Andrea G.; Chaler, Eduardo; Maceiras, Mercedes; Villalba, Anabel; Valdez, Silvina; Cerrone, Gloria; Telechea, Mariana; Mazza, Carmen // Medicina (Buenos Aires);Aug2012, Vol. 72 Issue 4, p291 

    Changes in the clinical presentation of diabetes mellitus in childhood and adolescence associated with obesity have resulted in an overlap of the two most common types of diabetes with a greater clinical heterogeneity. In order to characterize the type of diabetes at onset and assess the effect...

  • New factors of cardiometabolic risk in severely obese children: influence of pubertal status. Codoñer-Franch, P.; Murria-Estal, R.; Tortajada-Girbés, M.; del Castillo-Villaescusa, C.; Valls-Bellés, V.; Alonso-Iglesias, E. // Nutricion Hospitalaria;sep/oct2010, Vol. 25 Issue 5, p845 

    The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the utility of new biochemical markers to assess cardiometabolic risk in severely obese children and adolescents. A total of 107 subjects aged 7 to 14 years, were clinically assessed and anthropometric measures and percentage of fat mass by...

  • Caracterización de niños obesos con y sin diagnóstico de síndrome metabólico en un hospital pediátrico. Ortega-Cortés, Rosa; Hurtado-López, Erika F.; López-Beltrán, Ana L.; Trujillo-Trujillo, Xóchitl A. R.; Tlacuilo-Parra, José A.; Colunga-Rodríguez, Cecilia // Revista Medica del IMSS;ene/feb2014 Supplement, Vol. 52, pS48 

    Background: The alterations caused by metabolic syndrome (MS) arise progressively throughout the years, but they can start at a pediatric age. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the biochemical and clinical characteristics of obese children with or without MS. Methods: Descriptive...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics