Multicriteria approaches for ranking of efficient units in DEA models

Jablonsky, Josef
September 2012
Central European Journal of Operations Research;Sep2012, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p435
Academic Journal
Data envelopment analysis models usually split decision making units into two basic groups, efficient and inefficient. Efficiency score of inefficient units allows their ranking but efficient units cannot be ranked directly because of their maximum efficiency. That is why there are formulated several models for ranking of efficient units. The paper presents two original models for ranking of efficient units in data envelopment analysis-they are based on multiple criteria decision making techniques-goal programming and analytic hierarchy process. The first model uses goal programming methodology and minimizes either the sum of undesirable deviations or maximal undesirable deviation from the efficient frontier. The second approach is analytic hierarchy process model for ranking of efficient units. The two presented models are compared with several super-efficiency models and other approaches for ranking decision making units in DEA models including definitions based on distances from optimistic and pessimistic envelopes and cross efficiency evaluation models. The results of the analysis by all presented models are illustrated on a real data set-evaluation of 194 bank branches of one of the Czech commercial banks.


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