TITLE

Earthquake hazards and community resilience in Baluchistan

AUTHOR(S)
Ainuddin, Syed; Routray, Jayant
PUB. DATE
December 2012
SOURCE
Natural Hazards;Dec2012, Vol. 63 Issue 2, p909
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Resilience is widely used from a variety of research perspectives; however, community resilience in particular is applied to a number of natural hazards and disasters-related studies, programs, and activities. It is also acknowledged that its measurement is cumbersome but not impossible. The prime objective of this paper is to measure the community resilience of an earthquake-prone area in Baluchistan. The article presents the concept of resilience, its approaches, selection of indicators, formulation of subjective assessment method for weighting the indicators, and finally, developing the community resilience index. For the community resilience measurement, a survey was conducted among 200 households in two earthquake risk zones of Quetta city, using simple random sampling method. The overall composite community resilience index revealed that the resilience is low in both the zones-A and B. However, it is revealed that there is a significant difference between the zones when compared against the components and indicators. Community resilience components such as economic, institutional, and physical have received higher index values in Zone B as compared to Zone A. Based on the findings, it is recommended to improve the socioeconomic, institutional, and structural (housing) conditions of the community by raising the community awareness and preparedness, implementing building codes, and providing income-generating activities in order to enhance the community resilience to cope up with earthquake hazards in the future.
ACCESSION #
77908791

Tags: HAZARD mitigation;  HAZARDOUS geographic environments;  EARTHQUAKES;  SEISMOLOGY

 

Related Articles

  • Development of Long-period Ground Motions from the Nankai Trough, Japan, Earthquakes: Observations and Computer Simulation of the 1944 Tonankai (Mw 8.1) and the 2004 SE Off-Kii Peninsula (Mw 7.4) Earthquakes. Furumura, Takashi; Hayakawa, Toshihiko; Nakamura, Misao; Koketsu, Kazuki; Baba, Toshitaka // Pure & Applied Geophysics;Mar2008, Vol. 165 Issue 3/4, p585 

    Strong ground motions recorded in central Tokyo during the 1944 Tonankai Mw8.1 earthquake occurring in the Nankai Trough demonstrate significant developments of very large (>10 cm) and prolonged (>10 min) shaking of long-period (T > 10–12 s) ground motions in the basin of Tokyo located...

  • Disaster risk reduction on non-sovereign islands: La Réunion and Mayotte, France. Le Masson, Virginie; Kelman, Ilan // Natural Hazards;Jan2011, Vol. 56 Issue 1, p251 

    The Islands of Réunion and Mayotte are French territories in the Indian Ocean and are prone to numerous and recurrent hazards as well as to increasing vulnerabilities. This paper examines disaster risk reduction on non-sovereign islands through the case studies of Réunion and Mayotte. The...

  • Vulnerability management by means of resilience. Sapountzaki, Kalliopi // Natural Hazards;Mar2012, Vol. 60 Issue 3, p1267 

    The article decodes and analyzes the standard functions of social and social-ecological systems when they manage their own vulnerability. The author acknowledges these as 'Resilience functions' or 'Operational Resilience'. For this purpose, she follows a 'Vulnerability Actor' (V Actor)-based...

  • Predict or prepare? Kerridge, David // Earthwise (09679669);2010, Issue 26, p26 

    The article reports that scientific research into processes supported by ground- and space-based measurements have improved the knowledge of seismologists in understanding natural hazards. It states that earthquake cannot be prevented but the damages can be reduced through precautions taken in...

  • A new evaluation of seismic hazard for the northwestern part of Saudi Arabia. Al-Arifi, Nassir S.; Fat-Helbary, R. E.; Khalil, Ahmad R.; Lashin, Aref A. // Natural Hazards;Dec2013, Vol. 69 Issue 3, p1435 

    A new evaluation of seismic hazard in the northwestern part of Saudi Arabia area has been carried out, for the minimization and mitigation of earthquake losses. The study area controlled by a number of major regional tectonic features including the Red Sea, Gulf of Suez, and Gulf of...

  • Applications of simulation technique on debris-flow hazard zone delineation: a case study in Hualien County, Taiwan. Hsu, S. M.; Chiou, L. B.; Lin, G. F.; Chao, C. H.; Wen, H. Y.; Ku, C. Y. // Natural Hazards & Earth System Sciences;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p535 

    Debris flows pose severe hazards to communities in mountainous areas, often resulting in the loss of life and property. Helping debris-flow-prone communities delineate potential hazard zones provides local authorities with useful information for developing emergency plans and disaster management...

  • Study on formation mechanism of gas tunnel in non-coal strata. Kang, X.; Xu, M.; Luo, S.; Xia, Q. // Natural Hazards;Mar2013, Vol. 66 Issue 2, p291 

    Gases are common constituents of the underground environment, along with soils, rocks, and water. It is widely believed that gases in underground originate from the bacterial decomposition and thermal decomposition of organic and inorganic compounds, and geochemical reactions. Gases are usually...

  • Potential hazard analysis and risk assessment of debris flow by fuzzy modeling. Lin, Jeng-Wen; Chen, Cheng-Wu; Peng, Cheng-Yi // Natural Hazards;Dec2012, Vol. 64 Issue 1, p273 

    Taiwan is a mountainous country, so there is an ever present danger of landslide disasters during the rainy seasons or typhoons. This study aims to develop a fuzzy-rule-based risk assessment model for debris flows and to verify the accuracy of risk assessment so as to help related organizations...

  • "M.E.E.T.I.N.G. -- Mitigation of the Earthquakes Effects in Towns and in INdustrial reGional districts.". Kvasnižka, Predrag; Mihalić, Snježana // Geofizika;2011, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p1 

    No abstract available.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics