Viața cotidiană a evreilor în timpul regimului Ion Antonescu

Florian, Alexandru
May 2012
Sphere of Politics / Sfera Politicii;2012, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p177
Academic Journal
An important aspect of historical research is the analysis of the microsocial history, of life conditions that individuals, small and large groups of human beings had in certain historical contexts. A fascinating topic that allows the reconstruction of a real, concrete history is the ability to see how the daily life of some people or collectivities changed under the impact of some political, administrative or economic, central or local decisions. During Antonescu's regime, central and local decisions were made, with a restrictive /coercive character, against the Jewish population, and this meant also as many occasions for privations in their lives: impoverishment by dispossession or expulsion to the margins of the society, accumulation of risks threatening the life security, stigmatization of Jews as number one public enemy, etc. We will introduce some documents that show local and/or conjectural reactions with a clear anti-Semitic character. They refer to measures like the following: identification of Jews in the public space -- the wearing of a distinct sign -, restrictions concerning the possession of some household goods, access to food on ethnic criteria, solutions for ethnic cleansing of some localities (the case of Panciu town after the 1940 earthquake), the deportation to Transnistria of people coming from territories that have always belonged to Romania. The deportation from Suceava and other neighboring localities represents an example to illustrate the fact that the Jews from the Old Kingdom had the same horrible fate as those in Bassarabia and Bukovina. These documentary traces on daily life illustrate that state anti-Semitism was a policy with direct and real effects on the Jews in Romania.


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