TITLE

INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL ACTIVITY ON FUNCTIONING OF POLITICAL SYSTEM: DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN CLAN ISLAMIC AND WESTERN INDIVIDUALISTIC SOCIETIES

AUTHOR(S)
Semenov, V. A.
PUB. DATE
May 2012
SOURCE
Modern Research of Social Problems;2012, Issue 5, p477
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In this article the mechanism of influence of social activity on process of functioning of political system is considered. Within the limits of the structural functionalism comparison of concepts «political regime» and «political system» is undertaken. Building upon the L.N.Gumilev's concept of passionarity, dependence of political regime type on level of social activity of a society is investigated. The main aim of this work is to discover why introduction of western political practices into the conditions of clan Islamic societies is ineffective. The scientific novelty of the present work lies in the construction of models representing political system adaptations, caused by dynamic changes of social environment, in conditions of both individualistic and clan societies. As a result of this research there was developed a new typology of political regimes, which takes into account the specifics of clan and individualistic societies' social structure. There also was made a conclusion about existence of social filters at "inputs" and "outputs" of political system in the social environment of clan societies. The role of filter is performed by clan, as a social institution that accumulates and transforms the demands of single individuals. Thus, the political institutions borrowed from individualistic societies will appear in an alien environment and will be unable to perform their functions effectively.
ACCESSION #
77846756

 

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