TITLE

Glutathione S-transferase T1 Polymorphism Contributes to Bladder Cancer Risk: A Meta-Analysis Involving 50 Studies

AUTHOR(S)
Gong, Mancheng; Dong, Wenjing; An, Ruihua
PUB. DATE
July 2012
SOURCE
DNA & Cell Biology;Jul2012, Vol. 31 Issue 7, p1187
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Glutathione S-transferase T1 ( GSTT1) is implicated in the inactivation of procarcinogens that contribute to cancer progression. However, studies investigating the association between GSTT1 polymorphism and bladder cancer (BC) risk have reported conflicting results; therefore, a meta-analysis was conducted. Fifty studies with 10,805 cases and 13,332 controls were recruited. The overall odds ratio for the GSTT1 null genotype was 1.1502 (95% CI=1.0384-1.2741). When stratified by ethnicity, significantly increased risk was only found for Caucasians. In Asians subgroup, interestingly, decreased BC risks were found in the Korean and Japanese populations but not in the Chinese population. When stratified by control sources, a slightly elevated risk was found in population-based but not in hospital-based studies. Besides, smoking was not found to modify the association between the GSTT1 null genotype and BC risk. When combined with the GSTM1 null genotype, a remarkably increased risk was found for BC. In general, our results suggest that the GSTT1 null genotype is associated with an increased risk of BC. Smoking did not modify the association between the GSTT1 null genotype and BC risk. Furthermore, a strong association was observed between the combination of GSTT1 null and GSTM1 null genotype and risk of BC. Further epidemiological studies will be needed to confirm our findings.
ACCESSION #
77685560

 

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