TITLE

Nitrogen and phosphorus removal of locally adapted plant species used in constructed wetlands in China

AUTHOR(S)
Xia Yu; Thomas König; Zhang Qi; Gao Yongsheng
PUB. DATE
August 2012
SOURCE
Water Science & Technology;2012, Vol. 66 Issue 4, p695
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This paper assesses the nitrogen and phosphorus removal efficiency of seven plant species (Schoenoplectus lacustris, Vetiveria zizanioides, Acorus calamus, Canna indica, Zizania latifolia, Phragmites communis, and Iris pseudacorus) commonly used in constructed wetland systems in southern China. The investigation considers two aspects that are relevant to determine nutrient removal efficiency: plants' biomass production and nutrient content in water effluent. Both assessments are correlated with each other. Three different hydraulic retention times with different nutrient loads have been applied in this ex-situ trial. The plants' biomass production correlates positively with the effluent's nutrient removal efficiency. Six out of seven species reviewed produce more biomass above ground than below ground (average: 67% of dried biomass in aerial part); only I. pseudacorus produces more biomass below ground. S. lacustris, V. zizanioides, I. pseudacorus, and C. indica have performed best in terms of nutrient removal efficiency (65.6-90.2% for nitrogen; 67.7-84.6% for phosphorus).
ACCESSION #
77669079

 

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